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GLOBALIZATION & THE POST COLD WAR ERA

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GLOBALIZATION & THE POST COLD WAR ERA

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  • November 2013
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THE BUCHAREST UNIVERSITY OF ECONOMICS
FACULTY OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS & ECONOMICS
MASTER OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS COMMUNICATION

GEOPOLITICS AND BUSINESS

GLOBALIZATION & THE POST COLD WAR ERA

Professor: Prof. Univ. Dr. Claudia Popescu

Student: Cristiana Muceanu

BUCHAREST, 2013
TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. INTRODUCTION

2. THE INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM AFTER THE COLD WAR

3. BASIC TRENDS IN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

4. NEW THREATS

5. CONCLUSIONS

6. BIBLIOGRAPHY
7.

1. INTRODUCTION

The end of the Cold War in the early 1990s has had a dual impact on international relations. On the one hand, the Soviet military withdrawal from Eastern Europe and the Third World brought an end to the Cold War, allowed democratization to proceed in many states previously ruled by Marxist dictatorships, and led to significant progress in resolving several Third World conflicts that had become prolonged during the Cold War. The reduction in East-West tension also resulted in a great decrease in inter-state conflicts, some of which occurred due to the superpower ideological rivalry during the Cold War. Even it became fashionable to argue that force, used here as military power, has run its course in international politics. Defense budgets in many parts of the world radically decreased. This trend, despite very few contrary examples (for instance China), appears to holding. On the other hand, however, it would be rather unwise to argue that the world is now at peace. The collapse of the “Soviet Empire” was followed by the emergence, or re-emergence, of many serious conflicts in several areas that had been relatively quiescent during the Cold War. Some of these new conflicts have been taking place within the former Soviet Union, such as the war between Armenia and Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh, and the fighting in Chechnya. But some conflicts also erupted or intensified in several countries outside of it and...