Globalization: Social, Economical, Technological, Cultural, and Political Changes that Promote Interdependence and Growth

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Globalisation is a series of social, economical, technological, cultural, and political changes that promote interdependence and growth. Globalisation raises the standard of living in developing countries, spreads technological knowledge, and increases political liberation. The main cause of globalisation is influence from other, more developed, countries. Globalisation is a historical process that results from human innovation and technological progress. The social effects of globalisation are clearly illustrated in Peru. Once a third-world country filled with poverty and oppression, Peru is now transitioning into a developed nation. In Peru, globalisation has raised the human development index, empowered women, and created a stronger country. Since its invention and inception into the global forum, globalisation has been a subject of a more and much spirited debate; neither its advocates nor its critics seem to have a grasp on its handles let alone on its advantages and meaning. The meaning of the word globalisation has been explored by many scholars, leading to a strong controversy whose agreement is always difficulty to come by, an intellectual scandal almost. Despite the existence of divergent views and typologies on the term globalisation by authors, there is a broad agreement that although globalisation may be a contested concept, there is no dissent from the view that we live in a period of globalisation. Ultimately this causes the human race to change from having various systems to a more globally recognised structure. Such a process leads societies to change the way they concentrate on certain issues including education. In the past education was shaped on European colonialism and imperialism. Now due to globalisation our world is changing very significantly and the way people are educated must also take on these changes. Changes in the focus of the education system stem from various aspects of globalisation, and one such characteristic is technology. Upgrades in technology are fast and almost equally as rapid is the spreading of these technologies throughout the world. Today it is common for people to have access to computers and internet services. As far as the work force goes basic computer knowledge is almost essential in a career. Hence education must change to include training in these facilities to better prepare future generations. Having access to this technological education is not uncommon in modern day learning facilities such as schools and universities whereas in the past this would be unheard of. Another major point to consider is the change in the idea of the need for higher education. Currently it is only compulsory to complete up to year 10 whilst under the age of 16. This is a movement to raise the average level of education within the country of Australia in order to ‘keep up’ on a global scale. Once again globalisation has created this development with the ideas that have come to Australia from other higher educated countries such as the US and United Kingdom. In today's world women are playing increasingly indispensable roles in international, national and household economies, but they still have a disadvantaged economic position compared to men. The new opportunities offered by globalisation will not be fostered if women do not play key roles in the economy, in social and political life and in the family. Business is an enormous part of the modern day world and as the west and other English speaking countries dominate the world’s economy it is fair to say that English could become more globally important. Citizens from non-English speaking countries are at a disadvantage in regards to business in that they would have trouble communicating with the majority of business people. Globalisation of western business is the cause of this and the education systems from many countries must conform to add English to their syllabus in order to keep up with the rest of the world. Education is an...
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