The population of Brazil is roughly 150 million and approximately 45 reside in the top 20 largest cities. Most of the larger cities that maintain the greatest significance lie on the coast of the South Atlantic Ocean or very near to it. Social inequality has consistently plagued the country. Despite the government implementing policies aimed at creating equality amongst social classes, the country and its societies remain highly unequal concerning education, residence and in the workplace. People in large cities live in much the same way that Americans do when speaking of living standards. Those in rural areas and a small portion of urban areas are classified as ones living in poverty. Social needs for the lower class go unsatisfied. They are mostly overlooking and ignored when trying to belong to work groups and functions. Fortunately, the middle class has grown substantially since the mid twentieth century. This sector of class structure is not based on what one owns but rather on the skills or trades that they possess. Growth in numbers of these people has helped to smooth out social class inequality, but room from improvement remains.
Employment from 1950 all the way through 2000 experienced a positive trend pointing towards growth. The rates the rate growths have been comparable to population increases. In all sectors, agricultural, industrial, service and informal, performance and growth rates could be considered as doing well despite the occasion dip in certain years. Most people were employed in the services and informal sectors. The informal economy did well at providing a cushion for those that could not find jobs in the formal economy and consists of mostly self-employed persons that executed petty services. Also, the employment rate of women rose close to 20% in the latter half of the twentieth century which is accepted well globally.
Working conditions in Brazil tend to vary quite a bit from the more industrialized southeast region where workers are paid better, have stronger benefits and are treated equally as opposed to the northern areas where pay is less, younger children work and women are more often discriminated against. Government and labor unions have imposed guidelines that companies should follow so that working conditions are favorable for employees. If workers are not being treated well then fines can be charged to the offenders if they are discovered. Brazil is the largest producer and exporter of ethanol due to the huge sugar cane industry. The conditions that cane cutters have endured are no less than extreme. Long days, poor benefits, pay and hazards all contribute to this extreme nature. Both the U.S. and EU have threatened to cut back on imports of the product because of the unfair practices placed on workers. To counter the threat, sugar cane companies have worked on improving working conditions that are suitable to standards. Shorter days, better meals and pay are a few of the things to mention. With the increase in cane quotas the phasing out of manual labor and a switch to machines will prove to eventually create an unemployment issue and will need to be addressed. Political Factors
Up until 1985, Brazil’s government was run by military power and for 3 long years after it took the people this amount of time to construct the countries constitution and to form a democracy. It is set up much the way that our American government is, with 3...