Globalization and the Socio- Economic Development of the Nigerian Women: Challenges for Social Studies Education

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Abstract

Globalization, according to the Population Reference Bureau (2000) has encouraged women's participation in the market economy by creating new job opportunities. This paper presents globalization and socio-economic development of the Nigerian women. It highlights the several ways in which the concept globalization can be used, how globalization has assisted women in holding conferences where key issues affecting them were discussed and how Nigeria and some other countries of the world have implemented some of the issues discussed at the various global conferences and the effects of the implementation on the socio-economic development of the Nigerian women. The paper concludes by recommending the incorporation of global education Into the soda/ studies curriculum so that students could have the knowledge of international understanding to contribute to national development and show empathetically understanding of Nigeria's peculiar problems and background.

Introduction
Globalization can be perceived in different forms, it can be taken to mean the establishment of a global market for goods and capitals. In its broadest sense, globalization refers to the existence or relationships between the different regions of the world and the reciprocal influence that societies exert upon one another. We can talk of global market or the world as a global village. Globalization is not a new phenomenon; it has taken place previously in history. The slave trade was an aspect of globalization and economic interaction between countries of the world general trade is part of globalization. Globalization can also be defined as the increasingly rapid flow of information, goods and money around the world. It played a prominent role in people's lives in the second half of the 2oth century. Globalization has encouraged women's participation in the market economy by creating new job opportunities. Demand for women’s labour has expanded and women are currently over 40% of the global labour force (ILO, 2000). The World's Women (2000) for example, gave the statistics of working age men and women in labour force in 1980 and 1997 in selected regions. According to the statistics, in the sub-Saharan Africa, 41.72% of women were in labour force in 1980, while in 1997, 41.9% of women were in the labour force. Nigerian Journal of Social Studies Education, Vol. VII, April, 2003.

While women's economic activity rates have increased in many regions, men's have increased. Yet, many women still lack access to pad employment and financial resources. Lovely has a clear gender dimension. The Population Reference Bureau (2000) claims that men comprise 90% of the world's 1.385 billion poor A cereal component of globalization is the information and communication technology 2T). One1 of the ways by which globalization is making positive impact on women's life is through Information Communication Technology. The ability of women to participate effectively '"'^al markets and enjoy some of the benefits of trade liberalization is largely depended on . to new information technology. It is through this information communication technology fat makes many women throughout the world to get to know about many global conferences on women affairs. Some Global Conferences Attended by the Nigerian Women

The Beijing '95 World Conference brought together a wide spectrum of women from all are the world. Women’s issues were the focal point and pivot on which deliberations at international Conferences on Population and Development in Cairo and Egypt related the international Women's Year Conference held in Mexico in 1975 adopted a world plan of action id Declaration of Mexico on the Equality of Women and their contribution to development and lace. Nwogugu (1994) declared that in order to address the problems identified at the conference and by endeavoring to implement the various resolutions and plan of action adopted the conference, the United Nations declared the...
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