May 24, 2012
Globalization: The simultaneous creation of homogeneity opposition
As defined by many dictionaries and the word of mouth, globalization is the process in which economics, politics, and the way of life of each individual are spread. Our world is becoming more global each and every day—thanks to new technology—which is causing individual cultures to become less unique and more homogenous. With the speed in which technology is increasing, the way of life of each country is meshing together to from one meg-culture with one “global-identity.” However, many are concerned that globalization is not beneficial, and the world is actually becoming “Americanized,” not globalized. This theory can be seen by analyzing the economic and cultural aspects of globalization.
As stated, globalization is a “process of interaction among the people, companies, and governments of different nations, a process driven by international trade and investment and aided by information technology,” (Globalization 101). Each and every day, the 196 different countries of the world are trading goods and services, causing the cultures to intermingle. In history, traveling between Europe and the United States of America would take roughly one month. Today, however, this same journey only takes seven hours! Distance is actually a measurement of time; the real physical distance traveled in correlation with the time it takes from start to finish better illustrates the actual distance. This “actual distance” is continuously decreasing, due to the introduction of new technology. New technologies help increase the rate of communication between each country, which ultimately helps decrease the figurative distance. In the past, the predeceases were amazed by the invention of the railroad, telegraph, and Morse code. Today, technology is being invented and released at such a high rate that it does not faze the people of the world. This technology is transforming the globe, as we know it, causing an increase in social activity; with the amount of social activity rising, the trend of deterritorialization and social interconnectedness is becoming more prominent (Globalization). “Annihilated, the surface of our country would, as it were, shrivel in size until it became not much bigger than one immense city,” (Harvey qtd. in Globalization). This quote, by James Harvey, explains the idea of globalization in its entirety. Within in the United States of America, the individual states—and even the individual regions of a state—are losing their identities. The traits of the stereotypical Northern-American are expanding into the south of America, creating one unified nation. Now that the United States is almost completely parallel across the county, Americans are pushing for imports. One’s desire for speed and communication is destroying the knowledge of the locals. Today, more people care about what is happening out side of the country, instead of what it going in their hometown. The trend of global thinking is causing small towns in Europe, for example, to become exactly like those in America. The global citizen has stopped thinking about what they have at home and has instead focused their life on the life in different cultures. The people of the world today are fixated on the idea of expansion, instead of localities. Ultimately, if everyone throughout the world thinks with this mentality, the world will quickly become homogenous.
Globalization takes places due to many different factors, one of which being economics. Today, the strength of a county is based solely on their economic power; China and The United States of America are two of the most powerful countries in the world, due to the fact that they posses the most economic power. Before the turn of the millennium, the volume of world trade was roughly 488 billion US dollars. Within two years, this number jumped drastically—increasing 20 times—to 827 billion US...