Globalization

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 35
  • Published : October 5, 2013
Open Document
Text Preview
REGIONALIZATION, GLOBALIZATION, AND NATIONALISM:
Convergent, Divergent, or Overlapping?
Arie M. Kacowicz
Working Paper #262 – December 1998

Arie M. Kacowicz is a Senior Lecturer in International Relations at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel. In the 1997/8 academic year he was a Concurrent Assistant Professor and Visiting Fellow at the Kellogg Institute and the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies. He is the author of Peaceful Territorial Change (Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1994) and of Zones of Peace in the Third World (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1998).

This is a revised version of a paper presented at the IPSA Study Group II: “New World Orders?” Workshop on “Globalisms and Regionalisms,” Center for Development and the Environment, University of Oslo, Norway, 7 August 1998. The author would like to acknowledge the hospitality of the Kellogg Institute for providing a stimulating environment in which to write this paper.

ABSTRACT
This paper examines the interaction among the three forces that shape world politics in the contemporary system: globalization, regionalization, and nationalism. The main thesis suggested here is that these three forces cannot be assessed in isolation, independently from one another, nor from a perspective of either convergence or divergence among them. Rather, globalization, regionalization, and nationalism should be captured and studied as forces relative to and overlapping one another, sometimes antagonistic and sometimes cooperative toward each other but never harmonious. This argument is theoretically relevant both in the context of the world political economy and international security, with special reference to the phenomenon of pluralistic security communities. The Latin American case provides an empirical laboratory to test these theoretical assertions.

RESUMEN
Este artículo examina la interacción entre los tres factores que dan forma a la política mundial en el sistema contemporáneo: la globalización, la regionalización y el nacionalismo. El principal argumento que aquí se sugiere es que el impacto de cada una de estas tres fuerzas no puede ser estimado aisaldamente, separando una de la otra, y tampoco desde una perspectiva de convergencia o divergencia entre estas tres tendencias. Más bien, la globalización, la regionalización y el nacionalismo deberían ser capturados y estudiados como fuerzas superpuestas y relacionadas; a veces de modo antagónico, otras de modo cooperativo, pero nunca armoniosamente. Este argumento es teóricamente relevante tanto en el contexto de la economía política internacional como en el de la seguridad mundial, especialmente con referencia al fenómeno de las comunidades de seguridad pluralistas. En este sentido, el caso de América Latina ofrece un laboratorio empírico para poner a prueba estas afirmaciones teóricas.

INTRODUCTION

This paper examines the interaction among the three forces that shape world politics in the contemporary system:

globalization,

regionalization, and nationalism. The main thesis suggested here is that these three forces cannot be assessed in isolation, independently from one another, nor from a perspective of either convergence or divergence among them.

Rather, globalization, regionalization, and nationalism

should be captured and studied as forces relative to and overlapping one another, sometimes antagonistic and sometimes cooperative toward each other, but never harmonious. This argument is theoretically relevant both in the context of the world political economy and of international security (with special reference to security complexes and pluralistic security communities). In this sense I want to encourage our thinking about the phenomena of pluralistic security communities and to do so by showing how the interaction of these three forces might make them possible. The Latin American case will provide an empirical illustration to those...
tracking img