Global Sanitation

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GLOBAL SANITATION: AN ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSE
A Research Paper
Presented to
Ms. Girlie R. Ricanor
Lorma Colleges
City of San Fernando

In Partial Fulfilment
of the Requirements
English 2
Second Semester, 2012-2013
By
Roxanne O. Valmonte
Rachelle M. Vinas
Roxan Jean P. Salinga
Allyssa R. Cachero
Abbygale Saluta
February 27, 2012 TABLE OF CONTENTS
I. The Problem
A. Introduction
B. Statement of the Problem
C. Importance of the Study
D. Scope and Limitation of the Study
E. Definition of Terms
II. Presentation, Analysis and Interpretation
A. Definition of Sanitation
B. Definition of Environmental Sanitation
C. 8 Millennium Developmental Goals
1. Goal 1
2. Goal 2
3. Goal 3
4. Goal 4
5. Goal 5
6. Goal 6
7. Goal 7
8. Goal 8
D. Gender and Sanitation
1. Women
2. Sanitation and Hygiene
3. Sanitation Crisis
E. Binaries and Barriers
1. Binaries
2. Barriers
III. Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations
IV. Bibliography

CHAPTER 1
Introduction
A disturbing remark that numbers show that diseases coming from improper hygiene and waste disposal not only make people suffer or even kill then but make the beautiful environment perish as well. When will people see this problem, is it when it’s too late? No! We won’t let it happen! How? Global sanitation: An environmental response. Sanitation generally refers to the provision of facilities and services for the safe disposal of human urine and feces .Inadequate sanitation is a major cause of disease worldwide and improving sanitation is known to have a significant beneficial impact on health both in our households and across our communities. It also provides great impact in our environment where we live. The word “sanitation” also refers to the maintenance of hygienic conditions, through services such as garbage collection and wastewater disposal. Sanitation is not only present in one or two countries, thus it is present in every country of the world – the global sanitation.

In the Philippines, coverage and quality of water supply and sanitation suffer low investment rates, many small supply systems, a fragmented sector structure, and increasing pollution of water resources. Tariffs are mostly too low to recover costs, resulting in poor utility performance. Moreover, many supply systems are too small to work efficiently. The connection of urban poor is often impeded by high connection fees. Although attempts have been made to introduce a comprehensive sector framework, many responsibilities remain unclear. Only 4% are connected to a sewerage system. Together with the neglect of a comprehensive water resources policy until 2004. this led a serious threat to Filipino drinking water. However, since 2003 efforts have been made to improve the situation, especially by the Filipino National Water Resources Board (NWRB). Statement of the Problem

The researcher expects that through this term paper, the following questions will be answered and thoroughly explained as clear as possible. 1. What is sanitation?
2. What is Environmental sanitation?
3. What are 8 Millennium Developmental goals and its relationship on Sanitation? 4. How is Gender related to Sanitation?
5. What are the Binaries and Barriers of Sanitation?
Importance of the Study
Information gathered from this term paper can provide valuable knowledge to the following: The students of Lorma Colleges will have knowledge regarding sanitation and its importance. After reading, students may use the knowledge to share it with friends and family members. The Administration of Lorma Colleges and Faculty can also use this study in the search for new concepts about global sanitation and its benefits. The study will serve as a basis for the school in identifying ways on how to help the environment via global sanitation and teach it...
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