Global Relationships: Yesterday and Today
Relationships between nations historically influence and affect the political climate of the current age. This dynamic has been true throughout history (de Blij, Muller, Nijman, & WinklerPrins, 2011; Goff, Moss, Terry, Upshear, & Schroeder, 2012).
The political climate prior to and throughout WWI certainly has had residual long lasting effects that are still evident today in world politics. Factors of nationalism, imperialism and militarism played significant roles in creating the strategic alliances that laid the foundation for WWI. These alliances, as well as century old contentions between nations are also still having global impacts today (Barron, 1923; de Blij et al., 2011; Goff et al., 2012; O’Hara, 2006; Share, 2004)
For example, European nations following the ideals of imperialism, nationalism and militarism conquered and colonized nations throughout Asia, Africa, the Balkans, the Pacific and South America. Throughout the 20th century these nations have sought and struggled to gain independence. Granted many of these nations today are considered democratic or republic in their political structures, often as a result of colonization and the process of gaining independence. To some extent, these nations have been able to maintain some of the infrastructure left behind, however the socio-economic status of these nations have been dramatically effected as a result, creating a political climate that often continues to bred war, especially throughout the African Continent, Asia and the Balkans. Thus the world global community today continues in combative actions in the very regions of WWI (Barron, 1923; de Blij et al., 2011; Goff et al., 2012; O’Hara, 2006; Share, 2004; Thomas, 2011).
Consider the dynamics of the African Continent. Today, of the African nations, virtually all have experienced conflict in some form during the last half-century. Seventeen African states currently are experiencing war: Algeria, Angola, Burundi, Cote d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast), Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Togo, Uganda, Rwanda, and Zimbabwe. These conflicts are not limited to any one region but are dispersed throughout the continent. This converts to 27.777% of the African Continent is currently at war. A heart retching reality that absolutely affects the world political arena. Many of these conflicts, not all, but indeed many, have foundational roots from political imperialistic, nationalist and militarism actions and relationships. Too, many African nations due to their colonial status of European nations were intricate players in WWI and WWII (de Blij et al., 2011; Krause, Suzuki, 2005; Mason, Gurses, Brandt, & Quinn, 2011; Thomas, 2011). Asia and the Balkans have similar challenges surrounding some of the very issues that face the African nations: ethnicity and religious biases, boundary boarders, economics, legitimate control of natural resources, and corruptive governments, many compounded by the politics of late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries (Goff et al., 2012; Krause et al., 2005; Mason et al., 2011). Another residual aspect of these political maneuverings is the ongoing need for peace keeping in many of these regions through the United Nations, thus having a direct impact on global relationships today (Mason et al., 2011).
Furthermore, many of the political alliances during WWI that brought an end to the war, also played out during WWII, also bringing an end to that war (Goff et al., 2012). With the creation of the United Nations, many nations that were once at odds at least now have more commonality associated with U.N. membership, but there still are political tensions today that continue to linger. For example, Russia supplying Middle Eastern nations munitions and support that have a direct negative effect upon the United States and other allied nations military...
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