36 million deaths each year are caused by noncommunicable diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, cancer or diabetes .This is almost two-thirds of the estimated 56 million deaths each year worldwide. Over 7.5 million children under the age of 5 die from malnutrition and mostly preventable diseases, each year. In 2008, some 6.7 million people died of infectious diseases alone, far more than the number killed in the natural or man-made catastrophes that make headlines.
AIDS/HIV has spread rapidly: 33.4 million people are living with HIV. Tuberculosis kills 1.7 million people each year, with 9.4 million new cases a year. Malaria causes some 225 million acute illnesses and over 780,000 deaths, annually. 164,000 people, mostly children under 5, died from measles in 2008 even though effective immunization costs less than 1 US dollars and has been available for more than 40 years. These and other diseases kill more people each year than conflict alone. Health provision varies around the world. Almost all wealthy nations provide universal health care (the US is an exception). There isn’t one answer to health care provision, but a number of systems and issues seem to be emerging. The World Health Organization (WHO) is the premier organization looking at health issues around the world. When looking at the pattern of health care around the world, the WHO World Health Report 2008 found some common contradictions:
1- Inverse care
People with the most means – whose needs for health care are often less – consume the most care, whereas those with the least means...