Answer the following question in the box below: Identify the lessons learned from the prior global banking crisis? What should be done to prevent such a crisis from happening again?
After so much worldwide financial turmoil, learning the right lessons from the global banking crisis is a challenge for the advanced economies and the larger emerging economies whose policies will determine the global financial system over the next several years. The most difficult challenge is not only learning, but applying the lessons learned from the crisis, which proves to be very difficult for all the affected nations and their people whom must live with the consequences. There are various lessons that were learned from the chaotic and disastrous global banking crisis. One of the first lessons that banks discovered is that they must establish an effective governance structure which includes policies dealing with credit risk and specifically with risk tolerance levels. This goes hand in hand with the fact that it is clearly realized from this crisis that credit rating agencies need to reclassify their models used to evaluate cryptic credit risk created in both Mortgage-Backed Securities (MBS) and Collateralized Debt Obligations (CDOs). (Eun & Resnick) Furthermore, the banking crisis has taught borrowers that they must be cautious of placing their faith in its entirety on credit ratings and therefore must question any discrepancies ahead of time. Another insight that was derived from the crisis is the fact that banks must work and build on credit analyses from the bottom up. Banks must ensure that they will be able to resist a severe market hence their liquidity positions, credit reserves and capital bases must be verified. The global banking crisis has also taught us that bankers do not examine credit risk as strictly when they are only acting as mortgage originators and then pass it on to MBS investors instead of holding it themselves. (Eun & Resnick) Bankers...
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