Global Agricultural Trade and Developing Countries

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GLOBAL AGRICULTUR AL TR ADE AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

Editors

M. Ataman Aksoy and John C. Beghin

THE WORLD BANK Washington, D.C.

© 2005 The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank 1818 H Street, NW Washington, DC 20433 Telephone 202-473-1000 Internet www.worldbank.org E-mail feedback@worldbank.org All rights reserved. 1 2 3 4 07 06 05 04

The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed herein are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Board of Executive Directors of the World Bank or the governments they represent. The World Bank does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this work. The boundaries, colors, denominations, and other information shown on any map in this work do not imply any judgment on the part of the World Bank concerning the legal status of any territory or the endorsement or acceptance of such boundaries. Rights and Permissions The material in this work is copyrighted. Copying and/or transmitting portions or all of this work without permission may be a violation of applicable law. The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/World Bank encourages dissemination of its work and will normally grant permission promptly. For permission to photocopy or reprint any part of this work, please send a request with complete information to the Copyright Clearance Center, Inc., 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, USA, telephone 978-750-8400, fax 978-750-4470, www.copyright.com. All other queries on rights and licenses, including subsidiary rights, should be addressed to the Office of the Publisher, World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA, fax 202-522-2422, e-mail pubrights@worldbank.org.

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Global agricultural trade and developing countries / editor M. Ataman Aksoy, John C. Beghin. p. cm. – (Trade and development) Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 0-8213-5863-4 1. Produce trade—Developing countries. 2. Produce trade—Government policy—Developing countries. 3. International economic relations. I. Aksoy, M. Ataman, 1945- II. Beghin, John C. (John Christopher), 1954- III. Trade and development series HD9018.D44G565 2004 382'.41'091724—dc22

2004058811

Contents

Acknowledgments Contributors Acronyms and Abbreviations 1. INTRODUCTION AND OVERVIEW M. Ataman Aksoy and John C. Beghin

xiii xv xvii 1

Part I. Global Protection and Trade in Agriculture
2. THE EVOLUTION OF AGRICULTURAL TRADE FLOWS M. Ataman Aksoy GLOBAL AGRICULTURAL TRADE POLICIES M. Ataman Aksoy 17

3.

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4. THE IMPACT OF AGRICULTURAL TRADE PREFERENCES, WITH PARTICULAR ATTENTION TO THE LEAST-DEVELOPED COUNTRIES Paul Brenton and Takako Ikezuki 5. EXPERIENCE WITH DECOUPLING AGRICULTURAL SUPPORT John Baffes and Harry de Gorter 6. AGRO–FOOD EXPORTS FROM DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: THE CHALLENGES POSED BY STANDARDS Steven M. Jaffee and Spencer Henson 7. GLOBAL AGRICULTURAL REFORM: WHAT IS AT STAKE Dominique van der Mensbrugghe and John C. Beghin

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Part II. The Commodity Studies
8. SUGAR POLICIES: AN OPPORTUNITY FOR CHANGE Donald O. Mitchell 9. DAIRY: ASSESSING WORLD MARKETS AND POLICY REFORMS: IMPLICATIONS FOR DEVELOPING COUNTRIES Tom Cox and Yong Zhu 10. RICE: GLOBAL TRADE, PROTECTIONIST POLICIES, AND THE IMPACT OF TRADE LIBERALIZATION Eric J. Wailes 141

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Contents

11. WHEAT: THE GLOBAL MARKET, POLICIES, AND PRIORITIES Donald O. Mitchell and Myles Mielke 12. GROUNDNUT POLICIES, GLOBAL TRADE DYNAMICS, AND THE IMPACT OF TRADE LIBERALIZATION Ndiame Diop, John C. Beghin, and Mirvat Sewadeh 13. FRUITS AND VEGETABLES: GLOBAL TRADE AND COMPETITION IN FRESH AND PROCESSED PRODUCT MARKETS Ndiame Diop and Steven M. Jaffee 14. COTTON: MARKET SETTING, TRADE POLICIES, AND ISSUES John Baffes 15. SEAFOOD: TRADE LIBERALIZATION AND IMPACTS ON SUSTAINABILITY Cathy A. Roheim 16. COFFEE: MARKET SETTING AND POLICIES John...
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