Global 1956

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Created in 1796, the Montauk Lighthouse has been a historic landmark on Long Island for the past 217 years, however due to the erosion that is occurring the monument at the east end may consequently become apart of the Atlantic Ocean. The Lighthouse at Montauk Point has attracted numerous tourists throughout the years and has benefited the economy and financial system in the Long Island area. It is a luxurious and fascinating sight to see at the east end of Long Island, therefore if the land surrounding the Lighthouse continues to erode then it would ultimately lead to the result of there being an empty, vacant, and unoccupied space in Montauk Point. As a result, there is only so much that we can do as people to somehow slow down and defeat this obstacle that is taking place in Montauk Point, on this extraordinary Lighthouse. The lighthouse has played an important role in our naval history, symbolizing safety, security, heroism and faithfulness.

The Montauk Lighthouse was built on June 7, 1796, on a bluff and was completed on Nov 5, 1796, 300 feet from the edge of the cliff at the east end. It was the first lighthouse that was built in New York and is currently the 4th oldest lighthouse in the United States that is active (Montauk). Furthermore, the lighthouse is 110 feet, 6 inches high, and there are 137 steps to get to the top of the tower. As I know from experience, it does in fact feel like it takes more than 100 steps to get to the top of the tower. Originally, the lighthouse was built to guide and protect mariners, also to promote the wealth of the United States during the time. Every 5 seconds the light on top of the lighthouse flashes and can be seen 19 miles away (Montauk). Early on schemers were alert that erosion would sooner or later demoralize the tower, so they positioned the Lighthouse on the landward side of Turtle area of stability, approximately 300 feet from the boundary of the bluff(Montauk).With a normal erosion pace of extra than one foot per year it was forecasted that the Light- house would last about 200 years.The precision of their calculations and estimate permitted the lookout to stand secure throughout the path of American history. Toward the center of the twentieth century, due to the unhurried but secure erosion of the bluff, it became obvious that finally the Lighthouse would fall over from its land.

The first sign of erosion occurring on the Lighthouse was toward the end of World War II. The U.S. army Corps of Engineers began the first effort to control the erosion at Montauk Point. A 700 foot stone barrier was constructed at the base of the cliff in order to aid the erosion that was caused by the waves of the Atlantic Ocean(Donohue) . The erosion was gone however, it was not controlled for the long haul. Many rain storms had an impact on the land surrounding the Lighthouse. Therefore, in the 1950’s the barrier that was created to somewhat control the erosion was evidently destroyed. Once this occurred, the government felt that it was best if they leave the Lighthouse the way it was and not risk using the taxpayer’s money to aid the erosion that was affecting the Lighthouse at Montauk Point since they thought that it wouldn’t help regardless of what they tried. It was until in 1967, a woman named Giorgina Reid came along and made tremendous efforts to preserve the Lighthouse and protect it from the erosion that was occurring (Donohue). For the next fifteen years Giorgina worked the bluff at Montauk Point. With tremendous dedication and skill she created a model for all coastal bluff stabilization projects (Donohue). Donald, her faithful companion, husband and chauffeur saw to it that she was delivered to the bluff's edge as often as possible (Donohue). The daily assignment was to dig like a mole and climb like a goat. The greening of the guard was the consequence (Donohue). The task was a difficult one and at the end of it all Giorgina Reid stands out as one of the most important people...
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