Who are the stakeholders in this case? Which are primary, and which are secondary? What influence do they have?
Stakeholders for GlaxoSmithKline include the following: Employees; stockholders; creditors; suppliers; customers (both prescribing physicians and end users); retailers (domestically and internationally); activist groups (such as the Minnesota Senior Federation, the National Association of the Terminally Ill, the Coalition for Access to Affordable Prescription Drugs, the Massachusetts Senior Action Council, and the American Association for Retired Persons); foreign governments (such as the German Health Ministry and the European Union); federal, state and local governments and regulatory agencies (such as the Food and Drug Administration, Medicare, and the U.S. Congress); the general public; and, the media.
Primary Stakeholders. Primary stakeholders affect the firm's ability to carry out its primary purpose of providing goods and services to society. GSK's primary stakeholders are:
Health insurance providers.
Employees. Examples of employees include: research scientists, manufacturing personnel, and corporate management. They influence GSK by providing labor, scientific discovery and managerial talents to the firm with an expectation of fair compensation for their efforts. Stockholders. Examples of stockholders include: institutional investors and private investors. They influence GSK by providing capital to the firm in return for dividends and stock price appreciation.
Creditors. Creditors include banks and other financial institutions. Creditors provide short and long-term loans and are repaid with interest.
Suppliers. Examples of suppliers include chemical companies and packaging companies. These firms provide the inputs for the manufacturing and packaging of the drugs.
Customers. Examples of customers include prescribing physicians and patients. Prescription drugs (78% of GSK's 2002 sales) must be prescribed by a doctor. Physicians are more concerned with drug efficacy and safety than the price of the drug. Patients can only obtain the product if prescribed by a physician.
Retailers. Examples of retailers include online pharmacies and traditional pharmacies. Pharmacies distribute the drugs to the patients as prescribed. Online pharmacies are not bound by physical location and thus serve patients that are geographically distant and/or across international boundaries.
Health Insurance Providers. Insurance providers include firms such as Blue Cross/Blue Shield or Medigap insurers, and government programs such as Medicare, Medicaid. Health insurance providers and government programs establish a set price for payment for drugs. This limits the ability of firms like GSK to create programs to provide lower priced drugs for the poorest individuals.
Secondary Stakeholders. Secondary stakeholders represent people or groups in society that directly or indirectly are impacted by the firm's primary activities and decisions. Secondary stakeholders include:
Federal, state and local governments;
Social activists groups;
Federal, State and Local Governments. This would include the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Congress, state legislatures and other governmental entities. The FDA is responsible for ensuring that drug products available in the U.S. were safe and effective. The FDA established the policy on drug importation and determined the level of enforcement for the policy. The FDA shifted its stance on personal importation in reaction to the decision of GSK to limit drug shipments to Canadian pharmacies. Elected officials of Congress actively encouraged elderly to violate the FDA policy prohibiting importation of drugs from Canada by sponsoring bus trips for the...
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