"I now see the women's movement for equality as simply the necessary first stage of a much larger sex role revolution What had to be changed was the obsolete feminine and masculine sex roles It seemed to me men weren't really the enemythey were fellow victims, suffering from an outmoded masculine mystique that made them feel unnecessarily inadequate when there were no more bears to kill"
Betty Friedan, The Feminist Mystique
Glass ceiling: The invisible gender barrier that keeps women and minorities at the bottom of the occupational hierarchy and prevents them from earning promotions to positions of power.
Women have made tremendous gains in the past thirty years in the areas of employment. However there is still a significant difference between the numbers of women and minorities working in upper management positions. Statistics estimates that women only represent 2.4% of fortune 500 companies upper management positions, and only account for 1.9% of the highest paid officers and directors. Statistics show that 97% of senior level positions are held by men, and 94% of those positions are white males. The remaining 3% are women of which 1.5% are minorities. These numbers indicate that women and minorities are underrepresented at all levels of management. Even though women are graduating in higher numbers than men in the fields of Commerce, Management and Business Administration the misrepresentation of women in senior management continues to show that the "Glass Ceiling is still a relevant factor in corporate Canada.
It is important for us to realize that in this paper I have seemed to focus on the dominant corporate world. The "glass ceiling" can be found in all levels of industries from Wal-Mart to Bay Street. The effect of the "Glass Ceiling can be felt in every Province in Canada. Although this does not mean that women and minorities are not receiving Senior level positions, it is just the rate of growth in these areas... [continues]
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