Gita

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Essays on the Gita

© Sri Aurobindo Ashram Trust 1997 Published by Sri Aurobindo Ashram Publication Department Printed at Sri Aurobindo Ashram Press, Pondicherry PRINTED IN INDIA

VOLUME 19 THE COMPLETE WORKS OF SRI AUROBINDO

Essays on the Gita

Publisher’s Note
The first series of Essays on the Gita appeared in the monthly review Arya between August 1916 and July 1918. It was revised by Sri Aurobindo and published as a book in 1922. The second series appeared in the Arya between August 1918 and July 1920. In 1928 Sri Aurobindo brought out an extensively revised edition in book form. For the present edition, the text has been thoroughly checked against all previous editions and against the manuscripts of the revised Arya.

CONTENTS
FIRST SERIES
I

Our Demand and Need from the Gita
II

3 12 20 29 39 47 57 68 81 94 105 114 124

The Divine Teacher
III

The Human Disciple
IV

The Core of the Teaching
V

Kurukshetra
VI

Man and the Battle of Life
VII

The Creed of the Aryan Fighter
VIII

Sankhya and Yoga
IX

Sankhya, Yoga and Vedanta
X

The Yoga of the Intelligent Will
XI

Works and Sacrifice
XII

The Significance of Sacrifice
XIII

The Lord of the Sacrifice

CONTENTS

XIV

The Principle of Divine Works
XV

134 145 158 168 177 188 200 212 224 234 247

The Possibility and Purpose of Avatarhood
XVI

The Process of Avatarhood
XVII

The Divine Birth and Divine Works
XVIII

The Divine Worker
XIX

Equality
XX

Equality and Knowledge
XXI

The Determinism of Nature
XXII

Beyond the Modes of Nature
XXIII

Nirvana and Works in the World
XXIV

The Gist of the Karmayoga

SECOND SERIES Part I — The Synthesis of Works, Love and Knowledge I

The Two Natures
II

263 278

The Synthesis of Devotion and Knowledge

CONTENTS

III

The Supreme Divine
IV

289 301 311 322 337 355 366

The Secret of Secrets
V

The Divine Truth and Way
VI

Works, Devotion and Knowledge
VII

The Supreme Word of the Gita
VIII

God in Power of Becoming
IX

The Theory of the Vibhuti
X

The Vision of the World-Spirit — Time the Destroyer
XI

377

The Vision of the World-Spirit — The Double Aspect
XII

388 396

The Way and the Bhakta

Part II — The Supreme Secret
XIII

The Field and its Knower
XIV

409 421 435

Above the Gunas
XV

The Three Purushas

CONTENTS

XVI

The Fullness of Spiritual Action
XVII

450 463 477 493 507 526 540 562 572

Deva and Asura
XVIII

The Gunas, Faith and Works
XIX

The Gunas, Mind and Works
XX

Swabhava and Swadharma
XXI

Towards the Supreme Secret
XXII

The Supreme Secret
XXIII

The Core of the Gita’s Meaning
XXIV

The Message of the Gita

Sri Aurobindo in Pondicherry, c. 1915

A page of the Arya as revised by Sri Aurobindo

Essays on the Gita First Series

I

Our Demand and Need from the Gita

T

HE WORLD abounds with scriptures sacred and profane, with revelations and half-revelations, with religions and philosophies, sects and schools and systems. To these the many minds of a half-ripe knowledge or no knowledge at all attach themselves with exclusiveness and passion and will have it that this or the other book is alone the eternal Word of God and all others are either impostures or at best imperfectly inspired, that this or that philosophy is the last word of the reasoning intellect and other systems are either errors or saved only by such partial truth in them as links them to the one true philosophical cult. Even the discoveries of physical Science have been elevated into a creed and in its name religion and spirituality banned as ignorance and superstition, philosophy as frippery and moonshine. And to these bigoted exclusions and vain wranglings even the wise have often lent themselves, misled by some spirit of darkness that has mingled with their light and overshadowed it with some cloud of intellectual egoism or spiritual pride. Mankind...
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