Girl with a Pearl earring depicts life in 17th century Delft, a small Dutch city. The book is based on real life painting “Girl with a Pearl Earring” which influenced the books setting. 17th century in Delft the protestants and catholic were separated and attended different churches. Griet was the daughter of a Protestant Delft tile painter. Her father lost the ability to see in an accident, therefore Griet must work for a Catholic family as a maid. The catholic lived on Oude Langendijck also known as “Paptist corner” away from protestants because it is set during Protestant reformation.
Since this was a religious period Jan Vameer was a was a Dutch Baroque painter. Baroque painting was very popular in this time aswell as realistic painting. The Baroque period allowed artist to leave the renicansse biblical paintings. The Protestant Reformation allowed artist to them to venture into increasingly more interesting domestic domains. Jan Vameer also used camera obscura (a invention of this time and setting) in his paintings which he got from a scientist Antony van Leeuwenhoek, who was also his friends. The setting is what influences all these painting that exist.
Maids could not be so close to their masters and absoloutly could not wear their masters jewlery even with permission at this time it was seen as completely rude. Maids like Griet also couldn't do anything about the way van Ruijven at that period, today she could have had him arrested or charged for sexual harassment.
The setting also influences illnesses that bring conflicts druing the 17th century the bubonic plague still exsisted and the area where Griets family lives is struck with the bubonic plague, and her sister dies.