Giovanni Paolo Pannini or Panini (June 17, 1691 – Rome, October 21, 1765) was an Italian painter and architect, mainly known as one of the vedutisti or (veduta, or "view painters").As a young man, Pannini trained in his native town of Piacenza as a stage designer. In 1711, he moved to Rome, where he studied drawing with Benedetto Luti and became famous as a decorator of palaces, including the Villa Patrizi (1718–1725) and the Palazzo de Carolis (1720). As a painter, Pannini is best known for his vistas of Rome, in which he took a particular interest in the city's antiquities. Among his most famous works are the interior of the Pantheon, and his vedute — paintings of picture galleries containing views of Rome. Most of his works, specially those of ruins have a substantial fanciful and unreal embellishment characteristic of capriccio themes. In 1719, Pannini was admitted to the Congregazione dei Virtuosi al Pantheon. He was trained as a stage designer but became famous in Rome as the leading painter of real and imaginary views of the city. He was the first artist to devote his painting to the study of ruins. He also did paintings of festivities and historical events and taught perspective at the Academie de France in Rome. His decision to concentrate on ruins and imaginary views took hold after his move to Rome in 1717. Pannini often created paintings documenting Rome's public celebrations and festivities, as well as happenings of historical significance.
Two works of art that Pannini did that stands out to me is the “Interior of St. Peters, Rome” and “Ancient Rome”. First I’ll talk about the Interior of St. Peters, Rome. The Interior of St. Peters, Rome was painted after 1754. It is painted with oil on canvas. The gallery label states: “Saint Peter's was an obligatory stop for both pilgrims and tourists to Rome. Panini made numerous versions of this view, updating them in accordance with additions and alterations to the basilica. The earliest version is a large...
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