Gilgamesh & Iliad

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MIDTERM EXAMINATION
Program in Cultures, Civilizations, and Ideas
Humanities 111: Antiquity
Fall 2010

Due 25.11.2010 at 17:30 via email.

Academic Dishonesty
Do not cheat. Do not help others cheat. Do not submit the work of others as your own. Students who turn in substantially identical written work in terms of content, structure, vocabulary, or phrasing will be severely penalized. Academic dishonesty or plagiarism will result in an F for the course and further disciplinary action, including expulsion from the university. Students are urged to familiarize themselves with university policy at http://www.provost.bilkent.edu.tr/procedures/AcademicHonesty.htm.

Instructions: Choose FIVE of the following seven pairs of passages and identify the text/reading and author of each, then compare and/or contrast the two passages based on the concepts, themes, and larger questions we have discussed in class (10 points each/50 total). Avoid summarizing the contents or retelling the background to the story, but note that sometimes the contexts of the passages are important for explaining why they are important in similar ways.

a.b.
Author ______Homer_______________________ Author ______Homer_______________________

Title _______ The Iliad – Book 16_____________ Title _______ The Iliad – Book 16_____________

a. “Look what a springy man, a nimble, flashy tumbler!
Just think what he’d do at sea where the fish swarm –
why, the man could glut a fleet, diving for oysters!
Plunging overboard, even in choppy, heaving seas,
just as he dives to gound from his war-car now.
Even these Trojans have their tumblers – what a leap!”

b. He hooked him by that spearhead over the chariot-rail,
hoisted, dragged the Trojan out as an angler perched
on a jutting rock ledge drags some fish from the sea,
some noble catch, with line and glittering bronze hook...
his mouth gaping around the glittering point
and flipped him down face first,
dead as he fell his life breath blown away.

The passages are similar to each other because Patroclus insults his enemies in both of the passages. In the first passage he insults Cebriones, the driver of Hector and in the second one he insults Thestor. Patroclus is disobeying Achilles’ instructions because he is overconfident and too ambitious that he thinks that he will get the city and kill all of the Trojans. The main concept of these two passages is violence. Patroclus slays everyone he sees and regards his enemies as inferior. Patroclus loses his human feelings and become a butcher. Homer tells the story by comparing the slaughter to fishing, and this is a tragicomic comparison.

7.5/10
c.d.
Author ___________________________________ Author ______Homer_______________________

Title __Xenophanes of Colophon - Fragments___ Title _______ The Iliad – Book 14_____________

c. “One God, greatest among gods and men,
not at all like mortals in body or mind.
As a whole he sees, as a whole he thinks and as a whole he hears. And always he stays in the same place, not moving at all,
nor is it fitting for him to travelin different directions at different times

d. .” “Give me love, give me Longing now, the powers
you use to overwhelm all gods and mortal men!
I am off to the ends of the fruitful, teeming earth
to visit Ocean, fountainhead of the gods, and Mother Tethys
who nourished me in their halls and reared me well.”

In passage c there is a god that significantly greater among all humans and the other gods. He is different from all. The passage glorifies this god. Since the greatest god is Zeus, the mentioned god here is he. In addition, Hera goes to Aphrodite and asks help from her in order to deceive Zeus in the passage d. There is a contradiction here. Zeus can be betrayed because of some desires belonging to human kind, even though he is the greatest one. The gods in Iliad have some features like intrigues and double-dealings which are...
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