Wi-Fi (ieee-802.11b) and Wi-Max (ieee-802.16e) have captured our attention. As there are no recent developments which transfer data at faster rate as video information transfer taking lot of time. This leads to introduction of Gi-Fi technology. It offers some advantages over Wi-Fi, a similar wireless technology. In that it offers faster information rate (Gbps), less power consumption and low cost for short range transmissions. Gi-Fi which is developed on an integrated wireless transceiver chip. In which a small antenna used and both transmitter-receiver integrated on a single chip, which is fabricated using the complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) process. Because of Gi-Fi transfer of large videos, files will be within seconds. Gi-Fi or gigabit wireless is the world’s first transceiver integrated on a single chip that operates at 60GHz on the CMOS process. It will allow wireless transfer of audio and video data at up to 5 gigabits per second, ten times the current maximum wireless transfer rate, at one-tenth the cost. NICTA researchers have chosen to develop this technology in the 57-64GHz unlicensed frequency band as the millimeter-wave range of the spectrum makes possible high component on-chip integration as well as allowing for the integration of very small high gain arrays. The available 7GHz of spectrum results in very high data rates, up to 5 gigabits per second to users within an indoor environment, usually within a range of 10 meters. It satisfies the standards of IEEE 802.15.3C. The reason for pushing into Gi-Fi technology is because of slow rate, high power consumption, low range of frequency operations of earlier technologies i.e., Bluetooth and Wi-Fi. The widespread availability and use of digital multimedia content has created a need for faster wireless connectivity that current commercial standards cannot support. This has driven demand for a single standard that can support advanced applications such as wireless display and docking, as well as more established usages such as network access. The Wireless Gigabit (WiGig) Alliance was formed to meet this need by establishing a unified specification for wireless communication at multi-gigabit speeds; this specification is designed to drive a global ecosystem of interoperable products.
The Gi-Fi MAC and PHY Specification enables data rates up to 5 Gbps, more than 10 times the speed of the fastest Wi-Fi networks based on IEEE 802.11n. It operates in the unlicensed 60 GHz frequency band, which has much more spectrum available than the 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz bands used by existing Wi-Fi products. This allows wider channels that support faster transmission speeds. The massive use of high quality multimedia applications such as high definition video streaming, file transfer and wireless Gigabit Ethernet explains the need of 1 Gbps overall Throughput. One of the most promising solutions to achieve a gigabit class wireless link is to use millimeter-waves (MMW) for the carrier frequency. Due to the large propagation and Penetration losses, 60GHz Wireless Personal Area Networks (WPANs) are primarily intended for use in short range and single room environments. In addition to the high data rates that can be achieved in this frequency band, the radio waves propagation at 60 GHz has specific characteristics offering many other benefits such as high security and frequency reuse.
The reason for pushing into Gi-Fi technology is because of slow rate, high power consumption, low range of frequency operations of earlier technologies i.e., Bluetooth and Wi-Fi. See the comparisons and features of those two technologies.
2.1 BLUETOOTH VERSES WI-FI:
2.2 DISADVANTAGES OF BLUETOOTH AND Wi-Fi:
➢ From above table we can conclude that the bit rates of Bluetooth is 800Kbps and Wi-Fi has 11Mbps....