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October 26, 2012

Jacksonian Democracy, 1824-1845

1. Second Great Awakening – Spread throughout the South, targeting mainly women and African Americans: both slaved and enslaved. In the North Charles Finney led the revivalism and promoted the doctrine of perfectibility and iterated against popular belief that evil could be avoided. 2. Election of 1824 – John Quincy Adams, William Crawford, Henry Clay and Andrew Jackson. The House chose the president because no one led in the electoral college, and John Quincy Adams was elected. 3. Election of 1840 – Democrats re-nominated Van Buren. Harrison won but died within a month of his inauguration and Tyler the vice president took his position for the first time in history. 4. Webster-Hayne debate – Nullification and states’ rights. Webster defended the Union over nullification and President Jackson supported. 5. Nullification Crisis – Force Act which allowed the president to call up troops and a way to avoid force by collecting duties before foreign ships arrived 6. Dorothea Dix – was the leader of the penitentiary and asylum reforms as she felt that criminals came from unstable families and wanted to rehabilitate them rather than punish them. She battled against the grant of public mental facilities which eventually won over in majority of the states in 1860. 7.      Andrew Jackson – he was the first American president from the West, hero of the Battle of New Orleans, expedition against the Seminoles in Florida, congressman and senator in Tennessee, and first territorial governor of Florida. 8.      Democratic Party – reflected the beliefs of the Jeffersonian concept on an agrarian society, didn’t like central government, restore the independence of the individual on an economic level, ending federal banks, use of paper currency, did not support reform because it called for a more active government, no support for public schools which they though undermined individual liberty for freedom of religion and parental...
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