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Working with the Security Sector
to End Violence against Women and Girls
Principal authors (Social Development Direct)
Alice Kerr-Wilson, Lyndsay McLean Hilker, Shreya Mitra, Federica Busiello, Sarah Maguire and Mary Jennings
Special thanks to: Sunita Caminha (UN Women)
Technical review and feedback provided by:
American Bar Association International Legal Resource Center (independent experts) Anicee Van Engeland, University of Exeter (United Kingdom)
Elizabeth Barad (USA)
Geraldine Bjallerstedt, Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights & Humanitarian Law (Kenya)
Heather Hutanen (Netherlands)
Eileen Meyer, USAID (Iraq)
Maria Fernanda Perez Solla, American University, Washington College of Law (USA) Dianne Post (USA)
Sanam Anderlini, independent expert, (USA)
Ollie Barbour, Irish Defense Forces (Ireland)
Babar Bashir, Rozan (Pakistan)
Sarah Douglas, UN Women
Tania Farha, independent expert (Australia)
Kathy Ford, Department for International Development (United Kingdom) International Association of Women Police Officers
Hellen Aleyk (Uganda)
Amena Begum (Bangladesh)
Julia Jaeger (United Kingdom)
Karen Salisbury (New Zealand)
Nadine Jubb, independent expert (Nicaragua)
Saferworld (United Kingdom)
Social Development Direct: Seema Khan, Suzanne Thomson
Kristin Valasek, Geneva Centre for Democratic Control of Armed Forces (Switzerland)

Ecoma Walaga, African Security Sector Network (Ghana)
I.
Introduction and Key Points
What is this module about and who is it for?
How is the security sector covered in this module?
Why work with the security sector?
What is known to date about working with the police and military (i.e. the evidence-base)?
What are the main challenges?
What are key entry points and strategies?

II.

Guiding Principles
Interventions should be context-specific to enhance outcomes and “do no harm”
Security efforts should be focused on taking a survivor-centred approach
Programmes should engage the hierarchical structure and chain of command
Security institutions should ensure „zero tolerance‟ of all forms of violence against women
Programmes should promote open communication which empowers
survivors and communities
Efforts should involve both dedicated and integrated programming

III.

Planning and Design
Getting started – conducting formative research
o General considerations
o Situational analysis
o Stakeholder analysis
o Strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT) analysis o Needs assessments
Project planning – from research to design
o Identifying the vision
o Establishing partnerships
o Creating programme frameworks
o Conducting baseline assessments

IV.

Implementation
A. Develop Legal and Policy Frameworks

Ensure that national laws cover the security sector
Develop national policies, strategies and action plans that s et out roles and responsibilities of different security actors
Develop operational policies and codes of conduct
Secure political and financial commitment
2
Security Sector Module- December 2011

B. Increase Institutional Capacities and Human Competencies

Establish gender desks/ focal points /units within security institutions Strengthen inter-ministerial coordination mechanisms at the national level
Implement gender-responsive human resource policies and practices Train security sector personnel
Implement mentoring and knowledge exchanges
Invest in essential infrastructure and facilities
Develop a comprehensive and harmonized data system
C. Improve Service Delivery to Survivors of Violence and Women at Risk

Promote systematic and appropriate police responses to incidents of violence
Implement procedures for the effective investigation of cases Provide immediate safety and protection for survivors
Ensure coordination with other sectors as part of a multisectoral referral network
Establish women‟s police stations / specialized units
Consider investment in „one-stops‟ to meet the multiple needs...
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