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Scratch-resistant Lenses
Scratch-resistant lenses were developed by NASA by applying a diamond-like lubricating coat over plastic lenses. This application was originally used in the space program in a "dual ion-beam bonding process." Today, the coating is still used on hard resin plastic used in most eye glasses that people wear every day.  Freeze-Dried Food

Humans need food, and astronauts in space are no exception. To keep the astronauts food fresh NASA adopted the practice of freeze-drying food. This process proved effective on food and allowed for extended manned space flights such as the Apollo flights.  In the process, the food is frozen and then most of the moisture is removed from the frozen object. The moisture is removed by sublimation; it turns into a vapor before a liquid. The process works best on liquids, thin slices of meat, and small objects like peas. Athletic Shoes

Technology originally developed for boots that were worn on the moon, now have been applied to athletic shoes in the mid-sole section. The technology improves shock absorption, stability, and motion control. The sneaker industry has also used this technology to try to brainwash consumers into believing they need this commodity, creating a social spin-off of its own. CAT & MRI Technologies

The entire purpose of the early Apollo missions were to choose a suitable landing ground for the first man on the moon. To do this, they needed technology that could photograph the moon's surface. NASA created this technology, and from it scientists developed Computer-Aided Topography (CAT) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) technologies. Today, CAT scanners and MRIs are used in hospitals world-wide. Cool Suits

As with athletic shoes, part of the astronauts' outfits were adapted for non-space purposes. This feature of the astronauts' outfit was the suit itself. The suit was designed to keep astronauts at a comfortable temperature while working in space. Today, the same concept is behind the suits that race car drivers, nuclear reactor technicians, and shipyard workers wear to keep themselves comfortable. Cordless Power Tools

While on the moon and working in deep space, the astronauts would need to perform many tasks to gather scientific data concerning the surface of the moon. Often in these tasks, they needed mechanical help.  Neither traditional tools nor power tools of that era would work. Traditional tools would not provide enough assistance, and power tools could not be used due to their cord restrictions. NASA then developed a way for power tools to be used without cords. Today, cordless power tools are everywhere.  Uses for these tools have proved extremely versatile and beneficial to society.  People use them to construct homes and conduct other projects, such as making repairs.


The space program also has another interesting spin-off. That spin-off was movies and television shows with space and aliens. The space program created serious interest in outer space. This interest has now permeated every aspect of life from movies (such as 2001: A Space Odyssey, Star Trek, and Star Wars) to picks for guitarists. Merchandise from the trend has spawned several trends and generated gigantic profits for companies that take advantage of this fascination society has.

American Rocket Program

· Operation Paperclip: a program to recruit the scientists of Nazi Germany. · One purpose of Operation Paperclip was to deny German scientific knowledge and expertise to the Soviet Union and the UK and to divide Germany itself. · Of particular interest were scientists specializing in aerodynamics and rocketry (such as those involved in the V-1 and V-2 projects), chemical weapons, chemical reaction technology and medicine. These scientists and their families were secretly brought to the United States, without State Department review and approval; their service for Hitler's Third Reich and the...
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