Gether Towards a Safer India

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gether Towards a Safer India Part-III To
A textbook on Disaster Management for Class X

A Stride Ahead


Together Towards a Safer India Part III
A Stride Ahead
A Textbook on Disaster Management for Class X


TOGETHER, TOWARDS, A SAFER INDIA PART-III A textbook on disaster management for class X FIRST EDITION 2005 REVISED EDITION 2006 © CBSE, DELHI

CBSE Advisors: Shri Ashok Ganguly, Chairman, CBSE. Shri G. Balasubramanian, Director (Academic), CBSE. Editors: Shri R.K. Singh Joint Secretary, Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt. of India Shri Saroj Jha, I.A.S Director (Disaster Management), Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt. of India. Authors: Prof A.S Arya, Shri Ankush Agarwal and Shri Arvind Nagaraju Shri Anup Karanth Dr. Kamla Menon and Ms. A. Venkatachalam Ms. Balaka Dey Shri Hemang Karelia Ms. Malini Narayanan Coordinator: Ms. Sugandh Sharma, Education Officer, CBSE.

Price: Published By: The Secretary, Central Board of Secondary Education, ‘Shiksha Kendra’, 2, Community Centre, Preet Vihar, Delhi-110 092 Design, Layout & Illustration By: Spectrum Media, 3721/5, IInd Floor, New Delhi-110 002 Phone : 011-23272562 Printed By:

Foreword For Students Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Introduction Tsunami – The killer sea waves Survival Skills Alternative Communication Systems…..during disasters Safe Construction Practices Sharing Responsibilities Planning Ahead 1 7 13 28 33 45 52


The recent massive earthquake of magnitude 8.6, which hit Indonesia (off the West Coast of Northern Sumatra) on 26th December at 06:28 hrs, was the biggest in 40 years which has triggered the deadly tsunami waves in Southeast Asia and coastal India. Another earthquake of magnitude 7.3 occurred 81 kms West of Pulo Kunji (Great Nicobar) at 9:51:26 AM (IST). Dozens of buildings were destroyed in the initial quake before a huge wall of water, up to 10m high in places, hit the Indian coast. More than 10,000 people died after huge waves swept away south Indian states. Not long before, on 16th July, 2004 93 innocent lives were lost in the Kumbhakonam fire tragedy in Tamilnadu. Looking at the vulnerability of the country to various hazards like the floods, cyclones and drought which can be predicted to the more sudden disasters like earthquakes, landslides and various manmade disasters which cannot be predicted and are very frequent in the present day world, it is time for us to have an insight into these hazards and get ourselves prepared. Class VIII and the class IX books on Disaster Management “Together towards a safer India” part I and part II discuss various precautionary measures that one needs to take to get oneself prepared from various hazards prevalent in our country. They also focus on various structural and non-structural measures that we need to take to combat such disasters. The class X textbook on Disaster Management aims at having a practical understanding of managing disasters. The aftermath of the tragic Tsunami has prompted the board to incorporate a chapter on Tsunami which contains useful information on causes and the preparedness measures to be taken up to combat the killer waves. Certain material for the enrichment and extension of student learning has been given as boxes items. We request teachers to make it a part of the teaching learning process. Chapter 1 and Chapter 7 of this book are non-evaluative though their study is important to have a better understanding of Disaster Management. I hope this book will help all the students who are the future citizens, volunteers and also disaster managers to be able to cope up with disasters and be better disaster managers and save many precious lives. I would like to thank Ministry of Home Affairs for their support and guidance in the preparation of the course...
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