Gestational Diabetes

Topics: Diabetes mellitus, Pregnancy, Blood sugar Pages: 4 (897 words) Published: May 13, 2013

Gestational Diabetes

Glucose Intolerance During Pregnancy

Lidia Rodriguez LPN

Dade Medical College

Michelle Varela, RN, BSN, MSN


February 20, 2013

Gestational Diabetes

Glucose Intolerance During Pregnancy


Gestational Diabetes is high blood sugar (diabetes) that starts or is first diagnosed during pregnancy. It is a condition in which women without previously diagnosed diabetes exhibit high blood glucose levels during pregnancy, especially during third trimester. There is still the question whether the condition is natural during pregnancy (Serlin & Lash 2009).

Causes, Incidence, and Risk Factors
Pregnancy hormones can block insulin from doing its job. When this happens, glucose levels may increase in a pregnant women’s blood. You are at greater risk for gestational diabetes if you: are older than 25 when you are pregnant, have family history of diabetes, gave birth to a baby that weighed more than 9 pounds or had a birth defect, have high blood pressure, have too much amniotic fluid, have had an unexplained miscarriage or stillbirth, or were overweight before the pregnancy (Benjamin & Pridijan 2010).

Usually there are no symptoms, or the symptoms are mild and not life threatening to the pregnant woman. The blood sugar (glucose) level usually returns to normal after delivery. Symptoms may include: blurred vision, fatigue, frequent infections, including those in the bladder, vagina, and skin, increased thirst, increased urination, nausea and vomiting, and weight loss despite increased appetite (Benjamin & Pridijan 2010).

Signs and Tests
Gestational diabetes usually starts halfway through the pregnancy. All pregnant women should receive an oral glucose tolerance test between the 24th and 28th week of pregnancy to screen for the condition. Women who have risk factors for gestational diabetes may...
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