1. Flying above the lake at this time of night seems a little dangerous. FLYING is the subject of the sentence. A subject is a noun. A form of the verb ending in ING and used as a noun is a gerund. FLYING is a gerund.
2. Bill decided that scrambling over the pile of debris was not safe. SCRAMBLING is the subject of the dependent clause. A subject is a noun. A form of the verb ending in ING and used as a noun is a gerund. SCRAMBLING is a gerund.
3. Ethan avoided doing his homework because the Ducks were playing the Cougars. DOING is the direct object of the verb AVOIDED. An object is a noun. A form of the verb ending in ING and used as a noun is a gerund. DOING is a gerund. HOMEWORK is the object of the gerund.
4. The student gathered signatures for increasing the hours of the library. INCREASING is the object of the preposition FOR. An object is a noun. A form of the verb ending in ING and used as a noun is a gerund. INCREASING is a gerund. HOURS is the object of the gerund.
5. Philip Morris continues its fight to prevent government from regulating tobacco; nevertheless, the government is placing restrictions on marketing cigarettes to youth. Both REGULATING and MARKETING are objects of prepositions (FROM and ON).
1. We intend to leave early. (Early is the adverb modifying the infinitive to leave. )
2. We tried to reason with her. (The infinitive phrase to reason with her is the object of the verb tried.)
3. To save money became her obsession. (To save money is the subject of the sentence.)
4. Tim wants to be a lawyer. (The infinitive phrase is the object of wants.)
5. To win at chess requires much concentration. (The infinitive phrase is the subject.)
1. Singing very softly, the boy lulled his baby brother to sleep. (the participial phrase works as an adjective, modifying "boy")
2. The girls, frightened by the police car's...
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