“Germany Must Bear Responsibility for Starting the First World War, to a Large Extent.” Do You Agree with This Statement? Explain Your Answer Using Your Own Knowledge of the Factors Causing the First Ww.

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I agree that Germany must bear responsibility for starting the First WW, to a large extent. There are three reasons why I say this. First, in the early 1870s, the German Chancellor Bismarck was the first to start the alliance system which was one cause of the First World War. Other nations only followed him. Second, the extreme nationalism (Pan-Germanism) in Germany made her desire to unite with the Germans in Austria-Hungary to become a great German state. With her support, Austria-Hungary came into direct conflict with the Serbs in the Balkans. Third, Germany was the most militaristic in the Armaments Race between 1871-1914 . Comparatively, other nations only shared a lesser blame. All these show that Germany bears the most responsibility for the outbreak of the First WW.

First of all, the alliance system was important in starting the First WW. Bismarck believed that it was the best way to isolate France. In the period 1882-1907, the Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy) and the Triple Entente (Britain, France, Russia) were set up. The alliance system was important because it could turn a local war into a general war. If a member of the Triple Alliance was at war with a member of the Triple Entente, the other members had to help them. In this way, Germany who first started this bears the greatest responsibility for starting the First WW.

Second, Germany is extremely nationalistic. She always believes that the Germans are the most superior race and she has the historic mission to build a powerful and strong Pan-German state. Wishing to unite with the Germans in Austria-Hungary , she supported Austria-Hungary in the Bosnia Crisis and the two Balkan Wars. Without German support, Austria-Hungary would not have determined to declare war on Serbia and later Russia and others. In this way, Germany was greatly responsible for the First WW.

Third, Germany competed with Britain, France and Russia in the Armament Race and was...
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