Germany 2013 Report
March 20th, 2013
Part A) The Climate Change Situation
Throughout the course of the last century, and since the pre-industrial world,
Germany and the rest of Europe have experienced an approximate increase of 0.9 degrees Celsius in temperature. (Pg31 (Germany, 2010))Human-intervention is the highest contributor to the increase of temperature. In the last few generations of humanity, humans have managed to consume mass amounts of fossil fuels, which took millions on millions of years to form. Not only, are we consuming these fuels too quickly to allow them to replenish themselves, we have also over-used them to the extent that pollution from fossil fuels has wounded our earth in many areas. This being said, we have built ourselves a sophisticated, consumer society that is fully dependant on the production of energy to keep society happy.
Ignoring the effects of climate change, due to our carbon emissions, has now become rather impossible. Since we cannot miraculously 'kick the habit', humanity must search for alternative ways in which to provide ourselves with energy, while reducing the anthropogenic interference on our environment.
Germany has proven their initiative in this regard, in implementations of efficient energies throughout the country. Germany wishes for the rest of Europe and the world to join us and take part in Solar and Wind Power energy for the future.
An agreement has been reached by all countries in the UNFCCC, that average temperature increase, exceeding 2 degrees Celsius, will cause severe damages to our environment. As of now, through anthropogenic interference, we have reached 0.9 degrees Celsius for the time being. This being said, our predictions for the future, do not in fact remain below 2 degrees. At the rate that carbon is being released into our atmosphere, we are on track to reach this 2 degree mark, in the next 10-40 years, and are expected based on the same findings, to reach a 4 degree increase between the time period of 2071-2100. (Pg33 (Germany, 2010))
To deal with these changes, Germany is preparing to experience the effects of climate change such as drought, low agricultural production, a vulnerability to forest fires and other extreme weather events. Meanwhile, Less Developed countries such as Bangladesh, Tuvalu, Ethiopia, etc., are being faced with the same consequences plus the risk of being under sea level. These countries are less capable to adapt to such effects of climate change and require aid from Annex 1 countries in order to survive these catastrophic consequences.
The major emissions of greenhouse gases in Germany come from carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and nitrous oxide (NO2). These emissions are also including Land Use and Land-Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF) offsets.
As of 2007, Carbon accounts for the majority of greenhouse gas emissions in Germany at 87.9% of all gases emitted. Nitrous oxide contributes 5.8% of emissions to the atmosphere while methane adds 4.4%. (Pg13 (Germany, 2010))
Since the base year of 1990, Germany has reduced carbon emissions by 21.3%, methane emissions by 56.5 percent and nitrous oxide emissions by 20% (Pg66&67 (Germany, 2010))...