German Immigration

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I have chosen my main ethnic group, German, as my topic for this paper. The first Germans immigrated to the United States in 1683 to a town in Pennsylvania, called “Germantown. It was located near Philadelphia. The colony was established by German Quaker, Franz Daniel Pastorius and William Penn. Pastorius was forced to leave his homeland over his religion, and sailed to America with 12 other families. In 1770-1790, England brought over approximately 30,000 German soldiers to fight for Britain against the United States. Only 18,000 returned to England, the remaining soldiers were either killed or deserted the British army and joined forces with the Americans. These Germans settled in New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania, and changed their names to avoid trouble. From 1796 to 1815, the German immigration was due to political reasons. The wars between France and numerous other European nations called for many citizens to serve military duty, but many immigrated to America instead. The German immigration listed by Ellis Island is 103,000 immigrants before the year 1790. During the years of 1815 and 1860, there were over 5 million immigrants to the United States, among which were 280,000 Germans. In 1848, German political refugees immigrate following the failure of a revolution. By 1890, there are as many Germans in New york as there is in Hamburg, Germany.

Discrimination of the Germans started in the years of 1917 and 1918, when America declared war on Germany. Many German Americans were jailed for speaking out or writing in opposition to America's involvement in the war. German businesses and homes were vandalized, the Symphony orchestras were banned from playing German music, and even streets, town, and food were given non-German names to show protest against the Germans. In the 1930's, when Adolf Hitler came to power in Germany, German Americans again came under scrutiny because they were looked upon as sympathizers of the Nazi doctrine. One...
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