German Expressionism

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German expressionism
German Expressionist Films pushed German films back onto cinema screens in Europe and America because of their artistic value.

Expressionism is a manner of painting, drawing, sculpting in which forms derived from nature are distorted or exaggerated and colors are intensified for emotive or expressive purposes.

In 1914, the Great War began in Europe. Germany was cut off from its supply of international cinema.” The only films imported into Germany during the war years were from Denmark and Sweden”(German Expressionism: The World of Light and Shadow). In 1917, the German film studio Universum Film-Aktiengesellschaft (UFA) was founded because the supplies of films from Sweden and Denmark were not enough, as they were not producing as many films. After the Germans defeat in 1918 Germany sunk into great depression because of the economic crisis which lead to the hyperinflation. German expressionism films became more recognized, as there was more demand for films because people wanted to get their minds off depression and also because of the nation-wide abolition of censorship, Germany’s young artists were ready to accept it as a new means of communicating with the masses. Filmmakers, through the medium of films portrayed their feelings towards the war. One of the main reasons why German expressionism was so unique is also because of Germanys financial debts and filmmakers had to make film with what ever they could find (props, actors, makeup). ”The new freedom of expression manifested itself most immediately in a series of well-mounted, independently produced pornographic films and in 1920 The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari by Robert Wiene, one of the most important and influential Expressionist films, was released”. (Hudson, Davis)

German expressionism Emphasizes on design or mise-en-scène, uncanny atmosphere, and composition which transforms reality as we know it through photography which uses unexpected camera angles with very little camera...
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