I. George Washington (1732-1799)
II. "I have no other view than to promote the public good, and am unambitious of honors not founded in the approbation of my Country."
III. He was a surveyor, planter, and general of the Army of the United Colonies.
IV. His term was from 1789-1797.
V. There were no prominent issues in his first or scone term and ran unopposed.
VI. He didn't have any opponents, it was only a matter of who would become vice president.
VII. John Adams was his vice president for both of his terms.
VIII. Washington had no political party, and there was no congressional majority yet.
IX. Foreign policy decisions
Proclamation of Neutrality: prevented Americans from supplying either side with weapons or help, stated that the U.S would not offer protection to Americans who violated neutrality laws, and that the United States would prosecute anyone in its jurisdiction that violated international neutrality.
Genet Affair: Citizen Edmond-Charles Genet violated the neutrality laws by planning to use American ports to stop British commerce and support France, which disgraced French supporters in the U.S.
Jay Treaty with England: withdrawal of British soldiers in the west of U.S., commission to settle border issues with U.S. and Canada, commission to resolve American losses in British ship seizures and loyalist losses from Revolutionary War
Battle of Fallen Timbers: famous for the decisive victory of the United States over a confederacy of Indian tribes, took place between the two at Fallen Timbers, which was an area full of trees toppled by a tornado, Americans wanted to settle the west but were afraid of the natives
Treaty of Greenville: between Indians and Americans, natives give up land in southwest part of northwestern territory and other defined areas, U.S. pays tribe $20,000 and $9,500 a year to split among tribes, tribes can still hunt there
Naturalization Act: raised the period of residence from two years to five years before a person could be a citizen
Pinckney Treaty with Spain: Spain recognized U.S. borders at Mississippi River and 31st parallel, granted Americans the right to deposit goods for transshipment at New Orleans
X. Political Affairs
George Washington is Elected: Only president unanimously elected
Judiciary Act: established a court of one chief justice and five associate justices, court met for the first time in 1790
Alexander Hamilton's Financial Plan: proposed that the federal government take on debts contracted by the states during the revolution, at the national government borrow money to be repaid over a long period, national bank runs it and have taxes to help pay for it, pay off all debts and high tariffs kept out foreign competition
Bill of Rights added to the Constitution: added to make all states ratify the Constitution and ensure rights of the people
First Bank of US chartered: created by Hamilton to tackle war debt and make one currency
Vermont admitted to the Union
Second Term: unanimously elected again
Whiskey Rebellion: protest on tax of 25% of liquor's value, showed government not afraid to enforce it's laws with it's militia, farmers who sold corn as whiskey hit the hardest and western frontiersmen were main prostestors
Farewell Address: country scared that it would tear apart without Washington as president, but he said that whatever changes happened were because of their efforts and success, and he wasn't qualified for being president anyways
XI. Economic Decisions
Alexander Hamilton's Financial Plan: (see above)
XII. Major Supreme Court Cases
XIII. Major Social Events
Fugitive Slave Law: Slave hunters were allowed to capture an escapee in any territory or state and only had to say in front of a...
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