I. George Washington (1732-1799)
II. George Washington (NONE) (Although he was most closely aligned with the Federalist Party in his beliefs) First term – (1788-1792) Second term – (1792-1796) III. Education and Occupation
A. George Washington was tutored and attended school on an irregular basis from ages 7 to 15, but had no formal education beyond grammar school. B. In 1753, he joined the military as a major in the Virginia militia, then rose to the rank of Colonel and resigned in 1758 to run for the Virginia House of Burgesses, and served for nine years. He was very involved in the patriot cause and was a delegate from Virginia to the First Continental Convention in Phildadelphia. He was commissioned by the Second Continental army. After the end of the war in 1783, he retired to Mount Vernon, his Virginian estate, and managed his plantation. In 1787, he agreed to accept an appointment as one of Virginia’s delegates to the Constitutional convention in Philadelphia, and was elected presiding officer. In early 1788, he was unanimously elected president. After his presidency he retired to his home at Mt. Vernon in Virginia. He was asked to become lieutenant general and commander in chief of the army during his retirement when war with France threatened, but when it was averted, he remained retired, and died in 1799 at his home.
IV. Opponents in Elections:
* Major Issues/Significance of the Election- George Washington was unanimously elected by the presidential electors. B. 1792
* Major Issues/Significance of the Election- George Washing was unanimously re-elected by the presidential electors.
V. Vice President
A. First Term- John Adams
B. Second Term- John Adams
VI. Major Domestic Events:
A. Judiciary Act (1789) – Established federal court system, set the number of justices at six, and set up 13 judicial districts within the states that had ratified the Constitution.
B. Alexander Hamilton’s Financial Program (1790) – America had acquired a huge debt from the Revolutionary war, so Hamilton proposed that the federal government should take on the debts of the states (Debt Assumption Bill) this also brought about the establishment of the first national bank
C. Bill of Rights Added to the Constitution (1791) – The first ten amendments that strengthened the civil rights of the people.
D. First Bank of the U.S. Chartered (1791) – Hamilton suggested a national bank because after the Revolutionary War, the financial situation of the country was it ruins. Also the states all had different forms of currency.
E. Vermont Admitted to the Union (1791) – The first addition to the original thirteen colonies.
F. Mint Act (1792) Established the dollar as official currency and the coinage system of the United States.
G. Fugitive Slave Law (1793) – Federal law that required that run a way slaves be returned to their owners. This also denied constitutional rights to freed slaves. It stated escaped slaves weren’t allowed jury trials, and that they could be caught in free states.
H. Whiskey Rebellion (1794) – Whiskey manufactures in western Pennsylvania refused to pay, and commissioned a group of citizens to study the issue. When things did not resolve, Washington ordered the governors of Pennsylvania, Maryland, New Jersey and Virginia to supply the federal government with 15,000 paid soldiers. No fighting occurred because the show of force was convincing enough to get the rebels to start paying taxes, and Washington used the first presidential pardon power to pardon the whiskey rebels.
I. Battle of Fallen Timbers (1794) – A Native American uprising in Ohio had killed over 600 American soldiers, as a result General Anthony Wayne was ordered to lead...