George Orwell Dystopian Society

Topics: Nineteen Eighty-Four, Newspeak, Propaganda Pages: 6 (1969 words) Published: June 8, 2012
The literature Nineteen Eighty-Four (first published in 1949) by George Orwell is a dystopian novel about Oceania, a segregated civilization ruled by exclusive dictatorship of the Party. The world is depicted and segmented into three different parts: Eurasia, Oceania and Eastasia. Life in the Oceania consists of a world of perpetual war, extensive government surveillance, never-ending public mind, along with a totalitarian political system metaphorically named English Socialism (Ingsoc) in completion. Ingsoc is governed by privileged Inner Party élite; in addition they are astonished to the totalitarian cult of Big Brother, who is an immortalized figurehead who rules with a philosophy that denounces individuality together with reason as “Thought Crimes”. In consequence the citizens of Oceania are overwhelmed to a supposed collective greater good. Central character, Winston Smith, is a member of the Outer Party who works for the Ministry of Truth (Minitrue), where he is responsible for propaganda and historical manipulation. His duty is to re-write past newspaper articles so that the historical record is compatible with the current party beliefs/ propaganda. Due to his childhood trauma, the destruction of his family on the account of disappearances of his parents and sister; Winston hates the Party in a hidden manner, and dreams of rebel against Big Brother. Winston encounters Julia and they clandestinely fall in love and have an affair, which is considered a crime.  One day, Winston meets O’Brian, an inner party member, who misleads Winston into believing that O’Brian was a member of the Brotherhood. The Brotherhood is an underground anti- government organization led by Emmanuel Goldstein. Julia and Winston were introduced in to the Brotherhood by O’Brian for the reason of their similar hatred for the party. In reality, this is a trap cleverly planned and set over the last seven years for Winston and O’Brian is actually an unwavering member of the Inner-Party. Winston along with Julia are sent to the Ministry of Love (Minilove), a rehabilitation center that uses techniques such as torture and brainwashing in order to completely adjust “thoughtcrime” criminals, adjusting their thinking and beliefs to align with the party. Winston and Julia were separated from each other, and he was tortured until his thoughts comply with those of the Party.  Winston denounces his beliefs entirely, and that includes his love for Julia, then he was released to waste away his days drinking gin at the Chestnut Tree Cafe. Nineteen Eighty-Four has become a popular classic novel due to its content, plot, and style, as a literary political and dystopian science-fiction since its publication in 1949. Furthermore, the literature itself generalize the adjective Orwellian; which refers to official deception, secret surveillance, and manipulation of the past in service to a totalitarian political agenda, as well as its terms and concepts, such as Big Brother, doublethink, thoughtcrime, Newspeak, and memory hole. Despite the fact Nineteen eighty-four was written 40 years before its title and over 50 years ago; there are many similarities between the book and today’s society. George Orwell written 1984 not as a prediction of the future but as a powerful enticement of warning, warning mankind of the possible occurrences within a society stripped down from individuality and delicate human emotions. There are a vast number of connections in literature to compare with modern society. Nineteen eighty-four provokes you to draw connections between fiction and reality, and leads the reader to ponder the severe dangers caused when a government has excessive power. It cannot be proven whether mankind affects literature or if it is literatures that affects mankind. Many readers see George Orwell as a prophet, embedding us with his “prophecy of the future” through his literary works. George Orwell suggested theses ideas as well as the attitude of control in his...
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