THEORIST: GEORG SIMMEL
1. Briefly summarize the theorist’s main assumptions/theories:
• SOCIAL FORMS-The individual is born with certain ways of thinking and feeling and most interactions are motivated by individual needs and desires.Encounters with others are molded to social forms in order to facilitate exchanges. These forms constitute society for simmel • OBJECTIVE CULTURE-Culture becomes objective as its size diversity of components and complexity increase. It leads to anomie and the blasé attitude • RELIGION AND GENDER-both gender and religiosity are natural states for humans. Each person has an impulse and a certain degree of religiousity. Religion objectifies the world by laying claim to such things such as love and faith. Gender is also a neccerscary attribute of human. Men naturally objectify themselves as they are motivated to produce. Women are naturally intergrated with all aspects of their being.
2. List terms/concepts and write a short definition:
Social forms- simmels basic perspective of social life. A patterned mode of interaction theough which people meet personal and group goals. Forms exist prior to interaction and provide rules and values that guide interaction Socialbility-A social form that is purely social without purpose other than establishing and experiencing social connections with others Exchange-The social form that determines value is based on sacrifice and scarcity both of which are determined by the immediate exchange relationship Conflict-Opposing or competitive interests and actions and varies by the level of violence and frequency Objective culture Culture becomes objective as its size diversity of components and complexity increase. It leads to anomie and the blasé attitude Urbanization-Urbaniztion increases in response to capitalism generally and industrialization specifally. It leads to higher levels of division of labor the use of money,overstimulation, and increasing social diversity Divison of Labor-refers...
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