Geography of the Philippines

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Chapter 1
Geography of the Philippines

*Geography: The science that studies the earth’s form, physical features, climate, population and other related topics. * An archipelago lying southeast of the coast of the mainland of Asia. * Above the equator; northern hemisphere.

* 7,107 islands and islets. 4000 have no names
* Luzon, Mindanao, Negros, Samar, Palawan, Panay, Mindoro, Leyte, Cebu, Bohol are the ten biggest islands * The coastline of the Philippines is irregular and stretches for about 36,289km. * Defined by the United Nations as “a mid-ocean archipelagic state” *Philippine Deep: one of the deepest sea trenches which is found east of the Philippines near Samar ad Leyte. *Mount Apo: highest mountain; 2,954meters high

Mount Dulang-Dulang: bukidnon; second highest mountain; 2,938m (3 mountain ranges in the Philippines)
*Western Caraballo Mountain Range
*Sierra Madre Mountain Range: longest continuous mountain range *Caraballo de Baler
Volcanoes
Famous Active Volcanoes:
* Iraya in Batanes
* Taal in Batangas
*Banahaw in Quezon
*Mayon in Albay
*Hibok-Hibok in Camiguin Island
*Bulusan in Sorsogon
*Makaturing in Lanao
Climate
*tropical and maritime
*dry season: December to May
*wet season: June to November
*May: hottest month
*January: Coldest
“The climate of the Philippines is salubrious and has a good climate”-MiguelLopezDeLegaspi Natural Resources
*rich soil, plenty of natural resources
* rice, corn, coconuts, sugar cane, bananas, pineapples, water, fish, seaweeds, sea shells, pearls, gold, copper, zinc, lead, nickel, manganese, chromium, salt, clay, coal, sulphur, asbestos, limestone, gravel, gypsum, lumber, gum resins. * Oil, “black gold” was discovered in Malampaya, Palawan. *National Integrated Protected Areas System(NIPAS) Bill in 1992 now called RA 7586 - the law is premised on the concept of the involvement of local communities in biodiversity conservation and habitat management. * Philippine Clean Air Act of 1991; Ecological Solid Waste Management of 2000; Clear Water Act of 2004 Economy

Rice is the main crop of the country and is cultivated in large quantities in Central Luzon, Western Visayas and Mindanao. Its production remains insufficient due to the following factors: 1. Destructive typhoons and floods

2. The agricultural sector remains backward despite government efforts to modernize it. 3. The production shift to sources of bio fuels such as jathropa and other cash crops. 4. The massive conversion of farm lands into commercial and residential use. Major Filipino export products:

Coconut oil, fresh bananas, pineapples, abaca, sugar, gum resins. Country’s growing industry:
Mining, lumber, woodcraft, metal, furniture and petroleum.
*The Philippines is also among the world’s supplier of semiconductors and manufactured goods. Population
Birth rate: 26.42 births/1,000.
Life expectancy for men: 67.89 years; women: 73.85 years for women 92 million Filipinos today (NSO)
84% is functionally literate
35 million Filipinos are employed

Government
Constitutional republic with three co-equal branches: Executive, Legislative, Judiciary Executive: headed by the president and vice-president administers the function of the government. Legislative: responsible for enacting bills into laws is composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives Judiciary: consists of the systems of courts with the Supreme Court as the highest court in land and headed by the Chief Justice. The Philippines is subdivided into regions and provinces headed by a governor and have its own legislative body called Sangguniang Panlalawigan. Filipino traits and values

Traits:
Hospitality
Close Family Ties
Respect for the elders
Sentimental

Values:
- aspects in life that include customs, traditions, etc.
Sense of togetherness
Debt of Gratitude
Sense of Shame
Chapter 2
The Philippines in Ancient Times
The lack of awareness of our ancestry resulted to feelings of...
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