Geography of Ancient Egyptian

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The development of Egypt was essentially impacted by its geographical features. Because agriculture was of significant importance to ancient Egyptians, it was also the foundation of Egypt’s prosperity.

Egypt is separated by two lands, the “Black Land”, which is the fertile land on the banks of the Nile that the ancient Egyptians used to plant their crops. It contained a layer of rich black silt that built up every year after the flood. The “Red Land”, which is dessert, protected Egypt on two sides from nearby countries and invasion. It also provided Egypt with precious metals, stones and oil.

Egypt is agriculturally gifted with the Nile River, which is nourished by tropical lakes of Central Africa and smaller rivers forming the Nile. Fine stone dust forming black mud develops from the rivers carrying rocky debris. In places where the rivers don’t erode debris, water is forced through forming waterfalls, which forms the boundary of Egypt. Rocky walls, 600-800 feet, borders each side of the Nile Valley. The cliffs are high, surrounded by sand from the Libyan and Sahara Desserts and equivalent to high mountains; also providing bordering and natural resources, like gold and precious stones.

The Upper Nile gets very little rain, yet the Delta, whose length is about 10,000 miles long, gets regular rain. However, the Upper Nile is easier to cultivate due to lack of seasons and less swamp.

From April through November, Egypt’s temperatures reach 110 degrees. The rest of the year is cool with temperatures falling near freezing at night. The raining season causes the Nile to flood and rise beginning in June, and reaching its highest peak around September or October. When the river settles, fine materials are deposited creating black mud; producing fertile soil rich in nutrients and nitrogen. This is the time Egyptians plant their crops, as the rich soil brings good harvests and wealth to the land producing crops to support animal and plant life....
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