Lagos is the largest city of Nigeria, and it is known for its corruption, poverty and crime. The rate of urban growth is increasing rapidly mainly due to natural increase and in-migration. In 1959, the population was around 300,000 and increased to 13.4 million in 2004. By 2050, it is predicted that the population of Lagos will reach 24.4 million people, placing it within the top 5 largest cities in the world. Lagos was a British colony from 1862 to 1906, in which the development into a commercial centre takes place and takes advantage of the port for trading since it has a natural harbour. Since then, many people migrated to Lagos for a better living, but it also has the largest slums in the world, such as Mile 12, where it is based on a dump that treats toxic waste.
In Lagos, natural increase is one of the primary influences that affect the rate of urban growth. Natural increase occurs when the birth rate is higher than the death rate causing population numbers to rise. The death rate is falling as a result of improvements in medical facilities and the youthful population structure. The demand for health is growing in Lagos due to the rapid increase in population, but the quality of medical facilities have been improving through vaccinations provided by non-government organisations including Unicef, Unesco and WHO to prevent fatal illnesses for example Malaria and Dysentery. Half of the population in Lagos is under 15 years old, which indicates that Lagos has a youthful population and less people are dying from old age in comparison to the increasing number of people born each year. 88% of childbirth was successful in hospitals and clinics in 1987 since they have improved in healthcare standards, and this caused the infant mortality rate to decrease, ensuring more can survive through births. Birth control is more accessible in the 1990s, reducing the chances of spreading STDs and the risk of dying from the diseases. The improvements in medical care have...
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