Genre of Crime Writing

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New sub-genres of Crime writing fiction are created through the evolutions, subversions and transformations of the classic detective genre to suit the constant flux of values and morals. The interplay of traditional and innovative conventions of the crime writing fiction genre is demonstrated through Alfred Hitchcock’s “rear window” and Marele Day’s “Life and crimes of Harry Lavender” this can be witnessed through the analysis of such crime writing conventions as the detective and a change in perspective on women that reflect social values in particular contexts. The subversion of the traditional convention, the detective can be seen in Hitchcock’s L.B.Jeffries who is based on the raw reality of the convention the American Hard Boiled detective created in the mid 20th century. He does, however, defy the genre by being adapted to his setting to best reflect the attitudes and concerns of the 1950’s society. The film’s detective Jeffries is introduced as a typical hardboiled an injured action photojournalist typical of the Hard Boiled genre. Because of his confinement to a wheelchair, his camera and its lens becomes his weapon in contrast to the archetypal Hard Boiled weapon of a revolver pistol, much like Claudia Valentine’s reliance on her legs as opposed to weapons. Restricted to the confines of the apartment complex he becomes a voyeur into the private lives of his neighbours. The use of voyeurism reflects the 1940’s context of a society gripped by the ideas of McCarthyism and its repercussions shown in Jeffries statement as he is watching Thorwald “that’s the kind of look a man gives when he’s afraid that someone’s watching him”. The constant fear and paranoia also conveyed through the use of zoomed spyglass shots and panning from window to window shots invites the audience to join Jeffries in peering into the lives of his neighbours. In comparison, Marele Day has used the stereo-typical traits of the hard-boiled detective as the foundation of her main...
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