Genetics: Three Major Body Types

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Rachel Jones
Culinary Arts-3rd
Mrs. Hunnicutt
Body Types
Body types are a part of genetics that depict how the structure of your body is designed. The three major body types are the mesomorph, ectomorph, and endomorph. Although these are the main distinguishing types there are cases in which people land in between and hold characteristics of more than one body type.

The mesomorph, aka apple shape, are freaks of nature seeing as how their bodies are naturally lean and muscular. Mesomorphs can eat practically anything they want and however much they want. Sugars, fats, carbs: you name it and they can eat it without compromising their bodies whatsoever. Mesomorphs are usually very athletic and respond well to all types of training, but tend to require very little effort to keep their bodies in check.

Even though mesomorphs possess advantages, they should not completely take their genetics for granted. A poor diet can lead to nutrition-based diseases, and eventually age will override their extreme metabolism. A mesomorph can determine the amount of calories they need to eat by multiplying their weight by 15; therefore a 150 lb person can eat 2,250 calories every day. On average, mesomorphs should try to balance their diet 30 percent protein, 40 percent carbohydrates, and 30 percent fats. A typical mesomorph can work out around 30 minutes a day, if necessary, to reinsure their athleticism.

The ectomorph, aka banana shape, is typically a very skinny and lean type. They tend to have very sharp bones with a small, trim waist and very narrow shoulders. People of this body type typically can eat tons of carbs and calories without gaining any weight because all their excess fat is quickly burned off to maintain body heat. These people however usually find it very difficult to develop muscle and very simple to lose it.

These people are typically known as ‘hard-gainers’. It is usually pretty hard for them to gain muscle and even fat. In order for the...
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