Genetic Engineering Research Paper

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For many years, there has been controversy surrounding the morality of genetically modifying organisms. Some say it is unethical, as it is unnatural and may cause unwanted side effects (ex. mutations). Others say that genetic modification is absolutely acceptable since the changes create a stronger, healthier organism in the long run. In my paper, I will show you how the advantages of genetic modification greatly outweigh the disadvantages. Genetic engineering is a new technology, a fresh opportunity to better our world and is perfectly acceptable when regulated and used responsibly.

Before diving into the world of genetic engineering, it is essential to learn what DNA is, and how it works. First of all, what is DNA? DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) is in charge of encoding sets of plans for building various parts of the cell. So how exactly does DNA do this? Well, DNA comes in the form of a “twisted ladder shape” called a double helix. Each rung of a DNA ladder is built with two of the four letters of the DNA alphabet: A (adenine), C (cytosine), T (thymine), and G (guanine). However, there is a catch. A will only pair with T, C will only pair with G, and vice versa. Much like the English language, the letters of the DNA alphabet make word and the words make sentences, more commonly known as genes. Genes tell the cell to make proteins, which have the ability to do things (http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/begin/tour/).

Genetically modifying a creature requires the extraction of DNA from a cell. This is harder than you think since DNA is housed within the cell nucleus and the cell membrane. First, blend the substance from which the DNA is to be extracted in order to separate its cells. Then pour the newly blended mixture through a strainer and add liquid detergent, plus a pinch of enzymes. Stir gently. Finally, slowly add a generous amount of rubbing alcohol. DNA will appear in the spot where the mixture and the alcohol meet. It should look like a long,...
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