Generic Psychological Theories on How Sexual Orientation Is Determined

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What Causes Sexual Orientation
Sexual orientation is a largely controversial subject in today’s society. And in the topic of sexual orientation, there is a question that is always asked. “What causes or determines the sexual orientation of a human being, and can sexual orientation be changed?” There is no set answer to this because there are multiple theories and components that contribute to sexual orientation. Almost all theories fall under the ideology category because of all the different beliefs and ideas, but I will break down the concept of ideology into two separate groups: the ideas of psychological and biological sexuality. These two portray valid arguments on how sexual orientation is determined, but no theory is more correct than the other. Each theory has its own argument that defines itself from other theories, and while each states their own view on how sexual orientation is determined, there is no way to change it because it is a part of who people are.

Psychological theories once thought of sexual orientation as a psychological disorder thinking that one can change it. When thinking about psychological theories of sexuality the one person that comes to mind is Sigmund Freud. Freud thought that homosexuality is completely normal amongst humans and that there were various levels of homosexuality that were affected by key factors at an early age. Part of this theory is that sexual orientation is believed to be like behavior; it is something that is taught or learned as the child grows up. If a child is brought up in a normal gender based setting then the child is perceived to be heterosexual as they get older (Friedrichs, 2007). On the other hand, if a child is brought up in a more cross gender environment then there are more speculations to think the child is homosexual. One example is a child growing up in a predominantly female environment in which the father figure role is diminished or weak. Homosexuality is thought to be a developmental...
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