General Studies 2013

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Edexcel GCE

General Studies
Advanced Subsidiary Unit 1: Challenges for Society
Friday 11 January 2013 – Morning Time: 1 hour 30 minutes
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Use black ink or ball-point pen. Fill in the boxes at the top of this page with your name, centre number and candidate number. Answer all questions. Answer the questions in the spaces provided – there may be more space than you need. Do not return the insert with the question paper.

The total mark for this paper is 90. The marks for each question are shown in brackets – use this as a guide as to how much time to spend on each question. Quality of written communication will be taken into account in the marking of your answers – you should take particular care on these questions with your spelling, punctuation and grammar, as well as the clarity of expression.

Read each question carefully before you start to answer it. Keep an eye on the time. Try to answer every question. Check your answers if you have time at the end. Turn over

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SECTION A Answer ALL questions. You should aim to spend no more than 20 minutes on this section. Choose an answer A, B, C or D, and put a cross in the box . If you change your mind about an answer, put a line through the box and then mark your new answer with a cross . Use the information below to help you answer questions 1 to 4. YOUTH CRIME IN DIFFERENT REGIONS Region North East Yorkshire North West West Midlands London Number of crimes 22 958 32 070 42 351 30 447 28 167 Region population (in millions) 2.6 5.0 6.8 5.3 7.4 Ratio of crimes to population 1:113 1:156 1:161 1:174 1:263

(Source: adapted from FACTSHEET – Youth Crime in England and Wales, Lara Natale, CIVITAS 2010 –

1 The median ‘Number of crimes’ for the regions given is A 22 958 B 32 070 C 42 351 D 30 447 (Total for Question 1 = 1 mark) 2 To the nearest 0.1 million the mean population for the regions given is A 5.8 B 5.6 C 5.4 D 5.2 (Total for Question 2 = 1 mark)



3 Another region has a population of 5 million and 23 274 youth crimes were committed. What would be the corresponding ‘Ratio of crimes to population’? A 1:215 B 1:195 C 1:185 D 1:175 (Total for Question 3 = 1 mark) 4 The ‘Ratio of crimes to population’ figure for the different regions makes the data A more reliable B easier to measure C more precise D easier to compare (Total for Question 4 = 1 mark) 5 Occam’s Razor can be used to A devise a scientific procedure B make scientific predictions C report new scientific discoveries D choose between rival scientific theories (Total for Question 5 = 1 mark) 6 Which of these best describes evolution and natural selection? A Evolution provides a mechanism to explain natural selection B Natural selection provides a mechanism to explain evolution C Evolution and natural selection mean the same thing D There is no connection between evolution and natural selection (Total for Question 6 = 1 mark)



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7 The main reason that some religious groups object to human organ transplants is because they believe that such treatments are A unethical B expensive C unreliable D dangerous (Total for Question 7 = 1 mark) 8 Which of these is true of a secular state? A There is an official state religion B Church and state are separate C The head of state is a religious leader D Religious dress is not allowed in public (Total for Question 8 = 1 mark) 9 The development of Utilitarianism in 19th-century Britain is closely associated with A the scientist Michael Faraday B the religious leader Cardinal Newman C the philosopher John Stuart Mill D the politician Benjamin Disraeli (Total for Question 9 = 1 mark) 10 An ethical...
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