General Notes on Style and Stylistics

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Part I. Intrion
General Notes on Style and Stylistics9
Expressive Means (EM) and Stylistic Devices (SD)25
General Notes on Functional Styles of Language32
Varieties of Language35
Brief Outline of the Development of the English Literary (Standard) language41 Meaning from a Stylistic Point of View57
Part II. Stylistic Classification of the English Vocabulary
General Considerations70
Neutral, Common Literary and Common Colloquial Vocabulary 72 Special Literary Vocabulary76
Terms76
Poetic and Highly Literary Words79
Archaic, Obsolescent and Obsolete Words83
Barbarisms and Foreignisms87
Literary Coinages (Including Nonce-Words)92
Special Colloquial Vocabulary104
Slang104
Jargonisms109
Professionalisms113
Dialectal Words116
Vulgar Words or Vulgarisms118
Colloquial Coinages (Words and Meanings)119
Part III. Phonetic Expressive Means and Stylistic Devices
General notes123
Onomatopoeia124
Alliteration126
Rhyme128
Rhythm129
Part IV. Lexical Expressive Means and Stylistic Devices
Intentional Mixing of the Stylistic Aspect of Words136
Interaction of Different Types of Lexical Meaning138
Interaction of Primary Dictionary and Contextually Imposed Meanings139 Metaphor139
Metonymy144
Irony146
Interaction of Primary and Derivative Logical Meanings148
Stylistic Devices Based on Polysemantic Effect, Zeugma and Pun. . .148 Interaction of Logical and Emotive Meanings . .153
Interjections and Exclamatory Words154
The Epithet157
Oxymoron162
Interaction of Logical and Nominal Meanings164
Antonomasia164
Intensification of a Certain Feature or a Thing or Phenomenon166 Simile167
Periphrasis169
Euphemism173
Hyperbole176
Peculiar Use of Set Expressions177
The Cliché177
Proverbs and Sayings181
Epigrams184
Quotations186
Allusions187
Decomposition of Set Phrases189
Part V. Syntactical Expressive Means and Stylistic Devices
General Considerations191
Problems Concerning the Composition of Spans of Utterance Larger than the Sentence193
Supra-Phrasal Units1()4
The Paragraph198
Compositional Patterns of Syntactical Arrangement202
Stylistic Inversion203
Detached Construction205
Parallel Construction208
Chiasmus (Reversed Parallel Construction)209
Repetition211
Enumeration216
Suspense218
Climax (Gradation)219
Antithesis222
Particular Ways of Combining Parts of the Utterance (Linkage)225 Asyndeton226
Polysyndeton226
The Gap-Sentence Link227
Particular Use of Colloquial Constructions230
Ellipsis .231
Break-in-the-Narrative (Aposiopesis)233
Question-in-the-Narrative235
Represented Speech236
Uttered Represented Speech238
Unuttered or Inner Represented Speech241
Stylistic Use of Structural Meaning244
Rhetorical Questions244
Litotes246
Part VI. Functional Styles of the English Language
Introductory Remarks249
A. The Belles-Lettres Style250
Language of Poetry252
Compositional Patterns of Rhythmical Arrangement252
Metre and Line252
The Stanza258
Free Verse and Accented Verse261
Lexical and Syntactical Features of Verse. . .264
Emotive Prose .270
Language of the Drama281
Publistic Style287
Oratory and Speeches288
The Essay293
Journalistic Articlesz™
Newspaper Style (written by V. L. Nayer)295
Brief News Items2^8
Advertisements and Announcements301
Headline302
Editorial305
Scientific Prose Style307
Style of Official Documents312
Notes on the Theory of Text and Procedures of Stylistic Analysis318

INTRODUCTION
PART I
1. GENERAL NOTES ON STYLE AND STYLISTICS
Stylistics, sometimes called linguo-stylistics, is a branch of general linguistics. It has now been more or less definitely outlined. It deals mainly with two interdependent tasks: a) the investigation of the inventory of special language media which by their ontological features...
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