General Motors with Lean Manufacturing

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General Motors with
Lean Manufacturing

An Introduction of GM Global Manufacturing System

Operations Management Team Project

Contributed by
We Make A+ (sort by number):
유형근 - 2009 050 444 오슬기 - 2010 049 712
손무화 - 2010 054 149 주시건 - 2010 059 605
김학운 - 9125 620 120

Division of Business Administration, Hanyang Univ. ERICA
Ansan, December 2012

Contents

Part 1.Overview of General Motors2
1.1 Why General Motors?2
1.2 Introduction of General Motors3
1.3 Basic Information3
1.4 History of GM4
1.5 GM's family4
Part 2.Introduction of Lean Manufacturing4
2.1 Definition5
2.2 Lean and TPS5
2.3 Theme: Efficiency6
Part 3.GM’s Global Manufacturing System6
3.1 Application of Lean Manufacturing6
3.2 In-Progress Control and Verification7
3.3 Process Failure and Effect Analysis11
3.4 Quality Feedback/Feedforward11
3.5 Quality System Management13
Part 4.Comments14
4.1 Achievements beyond Efficiency14
4.2 A Too-Lean GM?15
Bibliography16

Part 1.Overview of General Motors

1.1 Why General Motors?
First automotive industry has started in 1885 since Karl Benz and Daimler develop gasoline engine cars. The early automotive industry was expensive ,slow and didn't escape from the design of the wagon type. But The introduction of Henry Ford's conveyor belt is way as to be able to mass-produced, it became the beginning of popularization. U.S. automotive company seek to enter into the world in Europe ,since 1920's and by combining U.S..'s car production technology and Europe's brand value, Europe emerged as the largest market in the world. At the European economy will recover in 1950, U.S. has grown enough to occupy 80% in world market and Europe built a new product differentiation and diversification strategy in order to correspond to U.S. At this point should be noted that Japan's inroad into world market. Because of Korean war, Japan laid the foundation of growth and The 1960's, global automotive market is growing, Japan participate in global automotive market. Especially, Japan made new Labor-management relations by new industrial organization and distinctive production manner, and spreading Toyota production system and JIT approach to become more competitive, They were formed 3 polarized system to dominate the world market with U.S. and Europe. After that, Before and after the 1980's, Asian countries, including countries such as Mexico and Brazil participated in global automotive market as a weapon low-income and small car. In 1990's, U.S. lead global automotive market increasing core competencies by innovation to reengineering, benchmarking, restructuring, and downsizing, etc, competing with Japan. In the late 1990s, Automotive market undergo great confusion due to oversupply and changing consumer needs, and Multinational automotive companies' M&A is greatly increasing, and a small number of large companies lead global automotive market. In the flow of the automotive industry, after establishment in 1908, GM lay the foundation focusing on to raise the size merging Buick, Cadillac, including 25 companies and maintain first in sales between 1933 to 2008. Also, in domestic, GM is known for a lot of familiar brands such as Chevrolet. Because GM overcome several financial crisis and still exist the center of the world's automotive industry companies, we choose GM automotive industry companies, we choose GM 1.2 Introduction of General Motors

General Motors Company commonly known as GM (General Motors Corporation before 2009), is an American multinational automotive corporation headquartered in Detroit, Michigan, and the world's largest auto maker, by vehicle unit sales, in 2011, employing 202,000 people and doing business in some 157 countries. General Motors produces cars and trucks in 31 countries, and sells and services these vehicles through the following four regional segments, which are GM North America (GMNA), GM Europe (GME), GM International Operations (GMIO), and...
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