Explain the terms management and supervision.
Explain the roles and functions of a supervisor in an organization.
Management has been defined by different authors in a number of ways. Some call it a process of managing. Some call it a coordination of resources, some call it body of personnel challenged in the task of managing while others call it as an organized distinct discipline. The following are some of the main definitions of management:
It is evident from the following Kimball, koontz and O'Donnell, Newmann and Summer, Stanley Vance, Theo Haimann, F.C. Hooper and E.F.T Breach definitions that they all call it a process:
• According to Koontz, "Management is the art of getting things done through and with people in formally organized groups."
• According to Theo haimann, "Management is the function of getting things done through people and directing the efforts of individuals towards a common objective."
• According to Sisks, "Management is the process of working of with and other to effectively achieve organizational objectives by efficiently using limited resources in changing environment."
It is also that evident from Henry Fayol that management is considered to be an Activity. According to this approach management consists of those activities, which are performed by managers in attaining the predetermined objectives of the business. Management may be referred to as: Technical - referred to production department, Commercial - relates to buying, selling and exchange, Financial concerned with maximum utilization of capital, Security concurred with protection of property and person, According concerned with maintenance of accounts, presentation and statistics and Management concerned to planning, organizing, commanding, coordinating and controlling.
Management is also considered to be a group of personnel. According to this approach human factor plays an important role in accomplishing business... [continues]
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