Man vs. Woman
At Home and In the Workplace
American Public University
March 3, 2013
Scholarly Article Review
Family-to-Work Conflict: Gender, Equity and Workplace Policies, written by Jia Zhao, Barbara H. Settles, and Xuewen Sheng is the scholarly article I chose to review. In this article, a study was conducted. The study involved 711 random full-time working people who were parents. Those parents were asked a series of questions ranging from how happy they were with their jobs to who did the cooking at home. (Zhao, Settles, Sheng 2011) This study had two hypotheses. The first being that the greater the family demands were, the more family interfered with work, thus resulting in a lower satisfaction with work. (Zhao, Settles, Sheng 2011) The second hypotheses was that the greater the family demands such as childcare and chores, the more the family interfered with work, thus resulting in lower work satisfaction in women but not men. (Zhao, Settles, Sheng 2011) From experience, I believe most women still do majority of the childcare and chores, regardless of the work load. Also, men and women handle stress differently. Say if a man and women have equally stressful jobs, most women would be more likely to come home and be the one to cook dinner. “Gender difference is not only found in terms of the experiences on work and family conflict but also in the ways that men and women balance the conflict” (Zhao, Settles, Sheng 2011) As stated above, the study was conducted by asking 711 full-time working parents a serious of questions. This study concluded that the hypotheses were indeed true. The higher demands of the family, the less satisfaction will be achieved from work. However, the study proved to only be valid for mothers. They concluded this was because mothers took on more responsibilities then father’s do, especially when it comes to taking care of children and doing house hold chores. Which helps us move on to the next article. Popular Media Article Review
A Peace Plan for the Gender Wars, written by Mark B. White and Kirsten J. Tyson-Rawson is the popular media article I chose to review. This article was published in Psychology Today magazine. The article starts off describing a fight the married couple, Susan and Alex, have. Susan thinks Alex always takes the easy road when it comes to doing things around the house. Alex thinks Susan complains too much and he does a lot more around the house then she gives him credit for. Both spouses work full-time jobs. Susan does hold a higher paying and more stressful job then Alex, so she thinks he should pick up her slack. Basically, she thinks the work load should be even dispersed. In reality, they both think the same but; their definitions of an equal work load are very different.
Women are joining the work force and men are starting to handle the household responsibilities. The world we live in today could not have been imaginable 40 years ago. (White & Tyson-Rawson, 1996) The way people grew up influenced the adults they become. People unconsciously use gender roles all the time. For instance, many people automatically think it is a man’s job to mow the lawn and the woman’s job to do the dishes. Even in the lifestyles we live today, it is difficult to not revert to the way were taught growing up.
This article does give a solution to help with those marital problems Susan and Alex are having. There is a written exercise called the “Gendergram”, in this exercise the couples are to go over their different values and people that influenced them growing up. Then they come to an agreement and decipher what is really important and what they can live without. Of course, the exercise only works if both spouses want to change. Compare and Contrast
Scholarly vs. Popular Media Articles
What do they have in common?
Both articles take a look into gender roles and what they have in common when it...