Gender Wage Gap

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Essay: Assignment One
1101EHR Employment Relations

Several explanations have been put forward to explain why the gender-wage gap persists in Australia. Pick two and critically evaluate each.

When discussions of the gender wage gap and the glass ceiling effect arise in the global workplace, opinions often differ as to whether these issues are prominent within the business arena or if they are over exaggerated. However, through the examination of different sources, evidence suggested that women are indeed still seen as the ‘inferior’ race, unable to complete work to the same standard than that of a man. ‘Prior to 1969 Australia had a system of institutionalized wage difference for men and women’ (Loudon, McPhail & Wilkinson 2009). This essay will elaborate on the glass ceiling effect, which comes with the evident gender wage gap when discussions of employment and equality arise as well as examine the move from historical ideologies of women, to the modern world of business. Due to the changing and introduction of specific legislation, as well as a change of perception of women entering the global workforce, women have been given a better opportunity to enter the workforce and compete for higher ___ jobs. Legislation such as the Sex Discrimination Act 1984 and the Anti Discrimination Act, have been put into place to protect anyone against unlawful discrimination on the basis of their gender, family commitments/choices or marital status throughout all areas of employment (Sex Discrimination Act 1984 (Cwlth), s. 14). Although a predominantly positive move has been made over the past few decades to decrease the gender wage gap between men and women, there is evidence, which suggests that this goal will never be able to be achieved.

Although women have been more accepted into the workplace and strong gender roles and ideas have been minimized and broadened to a certain extent, which has allowed the female population to be just as...
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