Gender is defined in terms of masculinity and femininity; how one behaves based on what sex they are: male or female. Socialization is the application of values, attitudes and morals, motives, social roles, language and symbols of ones society necessary for them to live and function as expected to attain continuity within their culture. Gender socialization is learning the behaviors and attitudes that are deemed appropriate based on one’s sex. These behaviors and attitudes teach girls how to be girls and boys to be boys. These attitudes and behaviors are taught from the day we are born. The teaching comes from many different venues: family, peers, school, religion, work, media, institutions and our government [Wikipedia, (n.d.)]. Crooks and Baur state that social learning and cultural traditions influence gender-role behaviors within American society (2008).
Parents are the first of many who influence of our gender-role by the way they teach us how we are suppose to act as girls and boys (Crooks & Baur 2008). Not all parents teach gender-role stereotypes. Susan Gilbert in her book, A field guide to boys and girls, parents discuss the frustration they feel as they spend time going against the grain and providing an atmosphere where social gender-roles are not taught to their twins; a boy and a girl. For example, they purchased doll, trucks, blocks and stuffed animals for both sexes to play with. The boy was fond of the trucks and blocks while the girl was fond of the dolls and stuffed animals. They entered both the children in dance. Not long after the boy quit dance and the girl chose to continue. The author states that it is healthy for young children to be able to identify with their boyhood an girlhood, if you will (2000). In medical...