Gender Sensitivity in Training

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GENDER SENSITIVITY IN TRAINING: AN EVALUATION OF THE ZAMBIA POLICE TRAINING COLLEGE (‘ZPTC’) CURRICULUM IN LILAYI, ZAMBIA Abstract Zambia is bound by several regional and international Human Rights Instruments to eliminate all forms of discrimination against women in its educational institutions. This dissertation explores how the ZPTC’s failure to engender its curriculum and entire training and teaching climate has hardened and perpetuated the strong patriarchal values of this male-dominated institution. As a result it produces police officers, the majority of whom are also male, who fail dismally in their duties when dealing with female complainants, especially those who are victims of domestic violence. Using a combination of several methodologies, especially the Women’s Law, Grounded and Human Rights based Approaches, the writer collects and analyses a diverse range of material and relevant evidence (e.g., documentary, interviews, group discussions) which he presents, using the Women’s Law Approach, through the ‘lived realities’ of female police training recruits and complainants who are the immediate victims of serious illegal discriminatory practices. He finally makes several valuable recommendations (including a guide to engendering ZPTC’s current curriculum) which should be implemented as part of Zambia’s genuine attempt to comply with its local, regional and international HR obligations toward improving the disposition of its women.

BY WINSTONE CHUUNGA Supervisor: Ms Rosalie Katsande A Dissertation submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for a Masters in Women’s Law, Southern and Eastern African Regional Centre for Women’s Law, University of Zimbabwe 2010

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This report owes much to the contributions from my research supervisor Ms Rosalie Katsande of the University of Zimbabwe, Southern Eastern African Regional Center for Women’s law, Professor Lillian Tibatemwa-Ekirikubinza of Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda, Elise Delport Human rights center, University of Pretoria, South Africa whom without their academic guidance this work would not have been completed.

May I take the opportunity to thank the following from the Zambia Police Training College deputy college commandant Mr. Fred Mutondo, Officer in Charge Law and Police Duties Mr. Rodney Mukuka, Officer in Charge Humanities and Social Sciences Mr. Lloyd Musonda, Motor Transport Officer in Charge Bisheti Chakamisha Charles, Instructors Kashita Christopher, Mbindo and the trainees of 2009 In take. All in all I extend my thanks to my all my respondents whose contributions were critical to the realization of this research. Cecelia Mariri the librarian at SEARCWL for availing me to literature though scanty on the research topic.

I am highly indebted to all that directly or indirectly contributed to the realization of this work.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Acknowledgements……………………………………………………………

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Table of Contents………………………………………………………………… 2-4 Declaration……………………………………………………………………… Dedication……………………………………………………………………… List of Acronyms……………………………………………………………… List of Tables…………………………………………………………………… Definition of Terms…………………………………………………………… 5 6 7 8 9

Chapter One – Introduction

1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8

Choice of the research topic………………………………………. 11 Introduction........................................................................................ 12 Problem statement.............................................................................. 14 Overall Research Objective............................................................... 15 Specific Research Objectives………………………………………. 15 Research Assumptions....................................................................... 16 Research Questions............................................................................16 Rationale............................................................................................ 17 Preview to the...
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