Moreover, it is well known that women are under-represented in high paying jobs and high level of occupations Gneezy, Leonard and List (2008).
This paper is going to attempt to answer questions such as why women are still paid less and reasons behind it. Secondly, how the female and male equality is measured. And last question will attempt to establish how close to seal the gender pay gap is Britain. The paper will look at policies, social and cultural issues that encourage gender pay gap as well as evaluate impact of historical factors related to this problem.
1. Why women are still paid less.
Equality and Human Right Commission (2010) research show the causes for persistence gap remain stereotyping women’s capabilities and skills. Trade’s union research indicated that main reason explaining the gap is under-valuing women’s work. This was explained by Grimshaw and Rubery (2004) in Modeling Gender Pay Gaps. Another reason for the pay gap to persist could be the employment penalty for mothers. Research has shown that there are three groups of people affected by disadvantages. Mothers are of them. Gender segregation where some occupations are dominated by women and these jobs are usually lower paid which is one the foundations of gender pay gap (TUC, 2008).
2. Are female and male equal and how do you measure equality in terms of pay. From gender definition: Gender refers to...