Definition of Gender Inequality
According to Fine (2011), he defined gender inequality as, “unequal treatment or perceptions of individuals based on their gender. It arises from differences in socially constructed gender roles as well as biologically through chromosomes, brain structure, and hormonal differences"(Fine 2011, pg.9). Gender Inequality can also be defined as a gender difference in societal status and power. Gender stratification, a form of gender inequality, refers to the ranking of men and women that demonstrates how women are disproportionate in power, resources, prestige, or supposed worth. Gender stratification and inequality is greater where women's focus of work is directed to her family and men's work is outside of the family in the work industry. The social inequalities created by gender differentiation have far-reaching consequences for society at large (Eitzen, 2007:247). Our society’s institutions, our traditions, and our everyday lives, are full of examples of men in positions of authority over women. A person is born and they are given their father’s last name. A woman marries and is expected to, as tradition dictates, to have her father “give her away” to a new man whose last name she is expected to take. Often times, once a couple marries, it is the man’s responsibility to work outside of the home and hold financial control, and the woman is expected to take the unpaid responsibility for the home and children. This is not always the case, but is a dominant theme in the U.S. and throughout the world. Each of these has underlying messages of authority, power, and control. Gender inequality can be seen in many different aspects of our society. Employment is one of the structures in our society where this gender inequality is highly visible. One statistic that applies worldwide and demonstrates how much value society places on women who work is that “Women perform 60% of work worldwide; they earn 10% of income, and own 10% of the land”...
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